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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/99650


    Title: An Amperometric Urea Bisosensor based on Covalent Immobilization of Urease on N2 Incorporated Diamond Nanowire Electrode
    Authors: Jayakumar Shalini;Kamatchi Jothiramalingam Sankaran;Lee, Chi-Young;Tai, Nyan-Hwa;Lin, I-Nan
    Contributors: 淡江大學物理學系
    Keywords: N2 incorporated diamond nanowire;Urs–GLDH/N-DNW;Urea;Cyclic voltammetry;Electrochemical impedance spectrsocopy;Amperometry
    Date: 2014-06
    Issue Date: 2014-12-09 10:39:27 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: Amsterdam: Elsevier BV
    Abstract: N2 incorporated diamond nanowire (N-DNW) film electrochemical biosensor has utilized for the quantitative determination of urea in aqueous solution and urine sample. N-DNW electrode is wet-chemically cleaned (oxidation) by boiling in a mixture of H2SO4 and HNO3 (3:1) at 200 °C for 2 h to remove graphite. Urease (Urs) and glutamate dehydrogenase (GLDH) are covalently attached to the oxidized N-DNW electrode by activating the COOH group of N-DNW using ethyl(dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide as the coupling agent and N-hydroxysuccinimide as activator. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy data reveal that carboxylic and hydroxyl functionalized nature of N-DNW electrodes Urs–GLDH immobilized N-DNW (Urs–GLDH/N-DNW) has been successfully utilized in urea biosensor which exhibits good performance in sensitivity (6.18 μA/mg dL/cm2), stability (~1 month), reproducibility, lower detection limit (3.87 mg/dL) and fast response time (>10 s). Urs–GLDH/N-DNW also exhibits electrochemical response when tested for different concentration of human urine in buffer solution (from 1:9 to 4:6). In addition, Urs–GLDH/N-DNW bioelectrode retains 80% of its initial enzyme activity for <1 month, when stored at 4–6 °C in a refrigerator.
    Relation: Biosensors and Bioelectronics 56, pp.64–70
    DOI: 10.1016/j.bios.2013.11.071
    Appears in Collections:[物理學系暨研究所] 期刊論文

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