The Taiwanese Ministry of Education has taken several initiatives to enhance the quality of higher education, including the introduction of competitive funding schemes and allocating resources to universities based on the quality of faculty research and instruction. This reform has been largely informed by neoliberal theory. Under new deregulatory policies, governance by professors has become widespread in universities; under this governance, faculties select their chair, dean, and president through a democratic process. Deregulation has enabled universities to develop long-term development plans and create a more flexible evaluation system for selecting 39 universities; an internationalization plan has been implemented to attract more international students. This research investigated the internationalization policy and involved evaluating the effects of policy-driven reform on universities in the context of neoliberal theory. In this study, 400 professors from various universities expressed their opinions on internationalization-policy indicators. According to the data analysis, the policy-driven reform led to changes in academic culture. The findings provide several suggestions for policy makers and university authorities to improve the current situation.
Governance and academic culture in Asia-Pacific higher education