This study aims to explore the latent impact of college student engagement on learning development. We have considered students’ background to determine the effect of student engagement and learning development. Based on the Student Engagement Questionnaire, this study collected 2,651 valid questionnaires from public and private universities in Taiwan. Factor analysis, t-test, one-way ANOVA, and SEM were used to analyze the data. The result reveals that the relevant factors of learning will promote student engagement and their future development. The findings may provide useful information for policy and practice in campus.