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    題名: 商用地理資訊系統在鋪面管理上之應用
    其他題名: The Application of Commercial Geographic Information System Software to Pavement Management
    作者: 林明輝;李英豪;彭志鴻
    貢獻者: 淡江大學土木工程學系
    關鍵詞: 鋪面管理系統;地理資訊系統;路網層級;動態分段;均質路段;維修策略;Pavement Management;Geographic Information System (GIS);Network Level;Dynamic Segmentation;Uniform Section;Rehabilitation Strategy
    日期: 2007-09
    上傳時間: 2014-06-24 09:59:52 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 臺北縣淡水鎮 : 中國土木水利工程學會
    摘要: 鋪面管理系統成功與否的關鍵,取決於是否有一套有效率的資料庫架構。本研究的主要目的在於將鋪面管理路網階層中的雛形資料庫架構結合至商用地理資訊系統中。由於鋪面資料的蒐集必須在有限的資源、及指定的時間內完成,並符合明確性、可量測性、可否達成、相關性、及時性等原則。因此本研究建議國內鋪面路網資料庫結構可以利用抽樣調查與均質路段的觀念來進行資料蒐集。資料庫則是考量建立以及未來擴充的容易性的特點,選用有關的商用資料庫軟體(Microsoft Access) 。而資料庫結構是由鋪面原始資料登錄、記錄多年交通量資料及服務狀況資料(或歷史資料)並且用原始資料表單更新主要的鋪面維修資料。商用地理資訊系統軟體(ArcView 9 . 1)所提供的動態分段程序是以不同年度的歷史資料匯入,再以自動化且有效率的程序產生動態分段(或整合均質路段)資料庫。因此,本研究以鋪面路網動態分段資料庫為架構發展出一套鋪面管理系統(TKUNET2)之雛形,系統主要的特色包括許多紀錄、更新、整合、總結、諮詢、報告及鋪面路網資料庫地理資訊化等的人性化使用者介面。此外,再將本雛形系統與現有數種最佳化鋪面路網維修策略相整合, 未來亦可持續擴充程式功能,以使我國有限之鋪面路網維修經費做最有效之應用。
    An efficient database structure is the key to the success of a pavement management system. The main purpose of this study is to integrate a prototype database structure into a commercial geographic information system (GIS) for "network level" pavement management. The characteristics and features of pavement database management and its integration with network rehabilitation optimization algorithms are also investigated. The concepts of "sampling" and "uniform section" are proposed for domestic pavement network database structure and collection procedures based on the considerations of Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, and Timely (or SMART) principles, given the resources available and the prescribed time frame. The relational database structure of a commercial software package (Microsoft Access) and its existing features are used for the easy of implementation and possible future enhancements. The database structure consists of inputting pavement inventory data, recording multi-year traffic and condition survey data (or historical data), and updating major pavement maintenance information in their original data formats. The "dynamic segmentation" procedure provided by a commercial software package (ArcView 9.1) is adopted to automatically and efficiently generate dynamic segmentation (or summarized uniform section) databases based on the historical data imported from different survey years. Consequently, a prototype computer program (named TKUNET2) for pavement network dynamic segmentation database structure is developed. The main features of the program include many user-friendly interfaces for recording, updating, integrating, summarizing, query, reporting, and graphical representation of the network pavement databases. In addition, various optimization algorithms of alternative strategies in pavement network rehabilitation management were also implemented in this prototype system. The prototype system can be further expanded with ease and efficiency so as to assure the best use of our limited resources for network pavement rehabilitation.
    關聯: 九十六年電子計算機於土木水利工程應用研討會論文集=Proceedings of 2007 Conference on Computer Application in civil & Hydraulic Engineering,頁379-384
    顯示於類別:[土木工程學系暨研究所] 會議論文

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