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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/98044

    Title: 救災系統自我組織過程之探討-以慈濟功德會為例
    Other Titles: Exploring Self-OrganizingProcesses of the Disaster ReliefSystem: Implications from Tzu Chi's Experiences
    Authors: 韓釗
    Contributors: 淡江大學公共行政學系
    Keywords: 救災系統;自我組織;層級式網絡;複雜理論;Disaster relief system;Self-organization;Hierarchical network;Complexity theory
    Date: 2013-11
    Issue Date: 2014-05-21 21:56:16 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 新北市:中國地方自治編輯委員會
    Abstract: 近年來,世界各地各種災難造成重大損失的事件頻傳,顯示出各層級政府所領導的救災系統亟須再造。為回應學者藉合併層級體系與協力網絡以重組救災系統的呼籲,本研究乃試圖從複雜理論觀點探討慈濟功德會所採行的層級式網絡之本質。
    The various disasters that have brought catastrophic damage in recent yesrs indicate that the disaster relief system directed by government at all levels may need to be reinvented. Responding to the call to restructure the disaster relief system by merging hierarchy and collaborative networks, this research aims at exploring the nature of the hierarchical network employed by Tzu ChiFoundation from a complexity theoryperspective.Complexity theory argues that complex adaptive systems continuously evolve in a highly uncertain and complex environment by means of self-organization. The process of self-organization tends to result in the creation of new order leading to stronger adaptive capability and better performance. By analyzing the effects of different patterns of self-organization on the performance of disaster relief system of Tzu Chi, the following two research findings may worth to be highlighted:First, the structure of the disaster reliefsystem of Tzu Chi has successfully integrated hierarchy and networks that is capable of improving both vertical and horizontal collaboration. Second, Tzu Chi has included both conservative and dissipative self-organization in its disaster relief system to better adapt to the demands of different types of disasters. The disaster relief system model of Tsu Chi may not only provide an empirical framework for effectively operating the hierarchical network but also shed light on the value of applying the concept of self-organization in the field of disaster management.
    Relation: 中國地方自治 66(11),頁23-48
    Appears in Collections:[公共行政學系暨研究所] 期刊論文

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