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    Title: Influence of Metal Oxide Nanoparticles Concentration on their Zeta Potential
    Authors: Wang, Nan;Hsu, Chien;Zhu, Lihua;Tseng, Shiojenn;Hsu, Jyh-Ping
    Contributors: 淡江大學數學學系
    Keywords: Zeta potential;Surface charge;Particle concentration;Dissolved CO2
    Date: 2013-10
    Issue Date: 2014-04-23 13:55:16 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: Maryland Heights: Academic Press
    Abstract: In an attempt to estimate the zeta potential of various metal oxide nanoparticles (NPs) dispersed in water, it is interesting to observe that both the magnitude and the sign of this property depend highly upon their concentration. For example, in the case of naked TiO2 at pH 6, the zeta potential increased from -6.7 to 8.2 mV as the particle concentration varied from 0.5 to 5 mg L(-1). As a result, the isoelectric points of naked TiO2, Fe3O4, Fe(OH)3, and Al2O3-coated TiO2 could deviate ca. one, one, two, and three pH units, respectively, depending upon the particle concentration. We showed that these behaviors arise mainly from that the dissolved ambient CO2 reacts with the particle surface functional groups to form M-OCO2(-), which neutralizes or even overcompensates the particle surface charge. The surface density of M-OCO2(-), [M-OCO2(-)](s) depends upon the particle concentration; if it is sufficiently high, [M-OCO2(-)](s) becomes negligible, so is its influence on the zeta potential. We concluded that the zeta potential measurements for the tested NPs are reliable only if their concentration exceeds a certain level. This also applies to other metal oxides or hydroxides, the surface of which reacts appreciably with dissolved CO2. The results gathered are of practical significance in estimating the surface properties of unknown and/or newly synthesized NPs since conventional measurements are usually made at dilute particle concentrations.
    Relation: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 407, pp.22-28
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2013.05.058
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute & Department of Mathematics] Journal Article

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