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    Title: A five-coordinate, sixteen-electron manganese(I) complex [Mn(CO)3(S,S–C6H4)]– stabilized by S,S π-donation from chelating [S,S–C6H4]2–
    Authors: Lee, Chien-Ming;Lin, Ging-Yi;Hsieh, Chung-Hung;Hu, Ching-Han;Lee, Gene-Hsiang;Peng, Shie-Ming;Liaw, Wen-Feng
    Contributors: 淡江大學化學學系
    Date: 1999
    Issue Date: 2014-03-27 16:27:42 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: Cambridge: R S C Publications
    Abstract: The five-coordinate, sixteen-electron manganese(I) complex [N(PPh3)2][Mn(CO)3(S,S–C6H4)] 1 was prepared from reaction of [N(PPh3)2][Mn(CO)3(NH,S–C6H4)] and 1,2-benzenedithiol via the hexacoordinate intermediate fac-[Mn(CO)3(S–C6H4SH)(NH2,S–C6H4)]–. Alternatively, oxidative addition of 1,2-benzenedithiol to [Mn(CO)5]–, followed by a Lewis acid–base reaction, with evolution of H2 gas (identified by gas chromatography), led to formation of the coordinatively-unsaturated complex 1. In contrast, reaction of bis(2-pyridyl) disulfide and [N(PPh3)2][Mn(CO)5] afforded hexacoordinate fac-[N(PPh3)2][Mn(CO)3(S–C5H4–N)(S–C5H4N)] 2, with one anionic [S–C5H4N]– ligand bound to MnI in a monodentate (S-bonded) manner and the other [S–C5H4–N]– ligand bound in a bidentate manner (S,N-bonded). Complexes 1 and 2 have been characterized in solution by infrared spectroscopy and in the solid state by X-ray crystallography. The strong π-donating ability of the bidentate [S,S–C6H4]2– ligand stabilizes the unsaturated complex 1 which has short MnI–S bond lengths of 2.230(1) Å (average) as a result. The existence of one π and two σ bonds between the [Mn(CO)3]+ and [S,S–C6H4]2– fragments, based on qualitative frontier molecular orbital analysis, also indicates that the lone-pair electrons are delocalized around the sulfur-manganese-sulfur system stabilizing the five-coordinate complex 1. The IR carbonyl stretching frequencies and the MnI–S bond distances of complexes 1 and [N(PPh3)2][Mn(CO)3(NH,S–C6H4)] suggest that the relative π-donating ability of the bidentate ligands is [NH,S–C6H4]2– > [S,S–C6H4]2–. The Mulliken atomic charges derived from Hartree–Fock calculations roughly quantify the charge distribution in the complex [Mn(CO)3(NH,S–C6H4)]– (δ(N) = –1.14; δ(S) = –0.43; δ(Mn) = 1.14), and supports the premise that the reactions of [Mn(CO)3(NH,S–C6H4)]– with electrophiles (1,2-benzenedithiol, thiophene-2-thiol, 1,2-ethanedithiol) occur at the more electron-rich amide site, yielding charge-controlled, collision complexes.
    Relation: Journal of the Chemical Society, Dalton Transactions 1999(14), pp.2393-2398
    DOI: 10.1039/A903538I
    Appears in Collections:[化學學系暨研究所] 期刊論文

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