Space is one of two main characteristics of the physical world. All human activities depend on it. Space is also the basic category of ancient and modern studies. In space, the location, the direction of things and their interrelations can be described by “up”, “down”, “inside”, “outside”, “left”, “right”, “front”, “back”, etc. Spatial distance and direction as a unit can be used to measure the distribution areas. Based on space concepts the abstract spatial distance reflects the culture implicit social and religious concepts, such as social classes, spiritual cultivation level, relationship closeness scale and so on. This study aims of research are to compare the space concepts of Russian and Chinese “up”, “down”, “inside”, “outside”, and to discover how the spatial concept reflects the similarities and differences between Russian and Chinese cultural significance.