Stevenage: The Institution of Engineering and Technology
In IEEE 802.16e networks, with the popularisation of multimedia services, multicast and unicast services can coexist in one mobile subscriber station (MSS). The mobile devices are generally powered by battery, which is limited in energy. Thus, power saving is an important issue to be considered for extending the lifetime of the MSSs. The authors have proposed a multicast services-based scheduling (MSBS) algorithm that improves the energy efficiency of both unicast and multicast services, while satisfying the quality of service requirements of the MSSs in 802.16e wireless networks. MSBS schedules the packets in such a way that each packet is transmitted before its deadline and the energy consumed by the MSSs is reduced by minimising the number of state transitions by the MSSs. The simulation results show that MSBS can produce significant overall energy-saving and prolonged lifetime as compared to other scheduling schemes in 802.16e wireless networks.