盧溝橋事件之後，面對國際局勢的危急，戰爭將是一條無可避免之路，為了提升國力、克服時艱，早在1937 年8 月日本政府便開始推行「國民精神總動員運動」。接著又在1940 年10 月成立「大政翼贊會」，這是一個「萬民翼贊、一億一心、職分奉公」的全國性國民組織，以有效推動大政翼贊運動為目標。而殖民地台灣版的大政翼贊運動稱之為「皇民奉公運動」，成立於1941 年7 月，其推動的主軸則是「皇民奉公會」。而伴隨太平洋戰爭的爆發，皇民奉公會於1942 年10 月發行一本每月發刊的宣傳誌，稱之為《新建設》。凡走過必留下痕跡，1945 年8 月日本敗戰，雖然多數的在台日本人被迫離開，但1941 年所啟動的皇奉運動的組織動員精神，卻深根於台灣社會，而成為國民精神的內涵之一。本文試圖根據1942 年10 月到1945 年4 月《新建設》的記事內容，有效掌握太平洋戰爭時期皇奉運動的宗旨，並分析戰爭期間每一階段台灣社會國民運動的內涵，以及對日後台灣社會大眾思惟所產生的影響。 After the Marco Polo Bridge incident, inevitably a war between Japan and China would outbreak. From August 1937, Japanese Government tried to implement the spirit of national mobilization campaign to strengthen her defense power. Then, in October 1940, a committee called "Taisei Yokusankai" was organized. This was a national organization promoting the whole people support government to fight a foreign war strongly. There was another "Taisei Yokusankai" in the colony Taiwan named "Komin Houkoukai" to support Japan in the Pacific War which she caused. In October 1942, the Komin Houkoukai published a monthly magazine "Shin Kensetsu" which was an important journal of publicity for Komin Houkoukai the committee in Taiwan. Who came will leave trace, even though most Japanese would be forced to leave from Taiwan after August 1945 because Japan was defeated in the Pacific War. But the spirit of National movement that was started by Komin Houkoukai still leaves on Taiwan society up to now, and becomes a part of Taiwanese characteristics. This article tried to use the magazine "Shin Kensetsu" to analysis the object of Komin Houkou movement and the influence on Taiwanese thinking and values.