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    題名: 奈米網狀孔隙薄膜的製備暨核殼奈米粒子高分子電解質的合成於燃料電池質子交換薄膜與薄膜電極組之研究
    其他題名: Nano-network porous membrane preparation and core-shell nano-particulate polymeric electrolyte synthesis for application to fuel cell proton exchange membrane and membrane electrode assembly
    作者: 林俊良;Lin, Chun-Liang
    貢獻者: 淡江大學化學工程與材料工程學系博士班
    林達鎔;Lin, Dar-Jong
    關鍵詞: 聚二偏氟乙烯;沉澱聚合;核殼高分子電解質微粒子;薄膜電極組件;離子交換當量;PVDF-HFP;precipitation polymerization;core-shell polyelectrolyte particle;membrane electrode assembly, ionic exchanged capacity
    日期: 2013
    上傳時間: 2014-01-23 14:29:22 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本研究的工作主要可分成三個部分。第一個部分,PVDF-HFP網狀連續性孔隙形態薄膜,提出探討兩種程序機制:溶劑固態萃取程序與凝膠輔助浸漬沈澱程序。藉由PVDF-HFP與PMMA摻混形成混合非結晶結構的薄膜,經由甲苯溶劑的膨潤與移除PMMA過程,形成奈米微凝膠的分相形態後,隨著PMMA經由甲苯溶劑擴散移除,促使PVDF-HFP分子鏈段結晶沈澱分相,此為溶劑固態萃取程序。PVDF-HFP / DMAc的鑄膜溶液中添加入非溶劑,從高溫環境冷卻至室溫後,產生微結晶構成物理性凝膠化形態,浸漬於水沈澱槽中,溶劑與沈澱溶液相互擴散質傳,抑制液液分相行為與降低結晶速率,高分子以束狀形態網狀交織構成薄膜,此為凝膠輔助浸漬沈澱程序。
    第二個部分,沈澱聚合程序合成高分子微粒子程序,使用TMPTA、GMA、AMPS與SSNa等單體,經由單體的反應性與溶解度參數的差異性,在異丙醇與水的共溶劑的反應系統,應用於核殼結構結構的高分子電解質微粒子的製備,藉由調控單體組成比例,以獲得不同粒徑大小與離子交換當量能力的產物。高度交聯結構的核體與殼層自由伸展低交聯度的磺酸官能基分鏈段,提供高分子電解質具備高質子傳導且低醇水溶液膨潤的特性。
    第三個部分,藉由前述的兩部分的工作成果進行製備燃料電池中質子交換薄膜(PEM)與薄膜電極模組件(MEA)。研究中,將網狀奈米連續性孔隙結構的PVDF-HFP薄膜的成膜技術,載入高電導性的碳黑,製備多孔結構的高導電性的碳黑高分子複合薄膜;填入殼核結構的高分子電解質微粒子,製備高質子傳導能力的質子交換薄膜(PEM)。PVDF-HFP、殼核結構的高分子電解質微粒子與金屬觸媒混合,塗佈於質子交換薄膜成為高活性觸媒表現的觸媒塗佈薄膜(CCM)。
    This research work consists of three parts. The first part concerns the investigation of network porous membrane formation mechanism. In this part, we studied two methods of membrane preparation: the one is “selective extraction of compatible blend film” and the other is “gelation-assited immersion precipitation”. In the former case, the amorphous blend film is swelled by toluene to induce firstly gel phase due to nano-crystal nucleation of PVDF-HFP, and then further dissolution and consecutive extraction of PMMA is followed by recrystallization of PVDF-HFP to form the network structure of porous membrane. In the latter one, the dope containing PVDF-HFP and DMAc was modified by introducing a certain quantity of non-solvent, IPA. The modified solution from high temperature being cooled down to ambient one was cast on a glass plate and let in a closed box. It transformed into gel through PVDF-HFP crystal nucleation due to the presence of non-solvent IPA. The gel plate was then immersed in de-ionized water bath where relatively slow inter-diffusion was undertaken between good and poor solvents. The liquid-liquid demixing was inhibited and slow crystallization constrined between cross-linking points enhance the the precipitation of polymer into wispy network morphology.
    In the second part, we investigate the polymeric particles synthesized by photo-initiated precipitation polymerization, where monomers were TMPTA, GMA, AMPS and SSNa, to prepare core-shell polyelectrolyte, According to different reactivity and solubility of monomers in the co-solvent system composed of IPA and water, particle size and ionic exchange capacity (IEC) depend on the feed ratio of monomers. The central core has high cross-linking density, while the shell, kept relatively thin and less cross-linking density, is composed mainly of chains with side-group of sulfonic acid that provides high proton conductivity and low swelling in alcohol and water.
    The third part contributes to integrate the results of the two previous parts for the preparation of PEM (proton exchange membrane) and MEA (membrane electrode assembly) of fuel cell. Here, PVDF-HFP and core-shell polyelectrolyte, and carbon black nano-particle loaded with or without Pt catalyst were the principal materials. The network porous structure of carbon black film, which could serve as electron-conducting layer permitting the inlet of fuel, was prepared with PVDF-HFP and carbon black particle. PVDF-HFP and core-shell polyelectrolyte were used to prepare PEM. And three components, PVDF-HFP, Pt loaded carbon black particle, and core-shell polyelectrolyte, were used in the formation of porous and continuously inter-connected phase of each, the most sophisticate structure of catalyst layer. The catalyst coated membrane (CCM), the combination of PEM and catalyst layer, was prepared by forming catalyst layer on PEM. The conductivity of each layer proves to be comparable to commercial one
    顯示於類別:[化學工程與材料工程學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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