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    題名: 戶外棚架結構單元之參數化設計及製造
    其他題名: Parametric design and digital fabrication for the structural unit of exterior canopy
    作者: 劉大維;Liu, Da-Wei
    貢獻者: 淡江大學建築學系碩士班
    宋立文;Sung, Li-wen
    關鍵詞: 單元棚架;參數設計;數位製造;可動結構;Unit of Canopy;Parametric Design;Digital;Fabrication;Kinetic Structures
    日期: 2013
    上傳時間: 2014-01-23 14:23:15 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 數位及參數化設計工具在建築設計的環境中的使用日益頻繁,其中大部份都以不規則曲線或曲面的表現形式來做為數位建築的外觀特徵。由於製造方式及材料性質等條件限制,使得設計過程中的虛擬設計與實際製造的成品需要執行結構系統與細部構造轉換的過程。本研究使用同一種單元化棚架結構系統,在設計過程中,研究討論由初步的紙上設計模擬到後段的實際製造,參數化設計及製造工具在各個不同的階段各提供的不同的功能及幫助。並以真實空間中實際的作品製作來實踐紙上的參數模擬設計,將模擬及製造互相連結與呼應。本研究著重於以單一種單元結構系統,來發展並組合出不同形態的數位設計作品。
    本研究分為三部份,第一部份為案例分析及研究,討論不同種類的數位設計作品中,結構系統與製造方式的使用及原因。第二部份以單元的棚架結構系統為例,在前端的紙上設計過程中,以單元的平面組織方式、剖面形狀調整、遮篷的骨架、與結構設計到適應不同基地條件的形態調整等四個方面來做討論。並在上述四種個面的設計過程中,加入參數化設計工具來檢視結果。第三部份則為製造方式的研究討論,先以數位軟體模擬設計不同種類的製造方式,討論其中可能遇到的問題及解決方式。之後加入關節可動及形態調整等條件,繼續發展設計實際棚架單元的結構系統和細部,並以CNC工具實際出製造比例的模型加以討論。
    本研究中設計製造簡易單元結構系統,可依循不同的建築外形需求來排列組構,並以可動及可調整等兩種方式來呼應參數的改變和調整之特性。以數位建築設計與製造方式,可以量身訂做並脫離固定的結構系統,以更加便利的拆換興組裝來回應參數化輔助建築設計所產生不同外觀變化的可能。
    關鍵字 : 單元棚架、參數設計、數位製造、可動結構。
    The digital and parametric design tools is now widely applied in architecture design, most of which utilizes the irregular curves or surface to serve as the appearance features of digital architecture. However, due to the limited conditions, such as manufacturing mode and material property etc., it requires the transferring process of framework system and details structures from the virtual design to practical manufactured finish products. This study adopts the same unit of canopy structure system to explore the different functions and assistances provided by parametric design and fabrication in different stages from the primary design on paper to practical fabrication. Besides, it also produces a practical work in the real space to implement the virtual parametric design, which links the simulation and fabrication. The study focuses on developing several digital design products of different types with the same unit of canopy structure system.
    The study falls into three parts. The first part is about case study and research which discusses the application of structure system and fabrication mode adopted in different types of digital design as well as the reasons of application. The second part takes the unit of canopy structure system as example, to explore the course of design on paper from four perspectives, i.e. the flat organization of units, adjustment of cross section shape, framework of shelter and shape adjustment from the structure design to adapt the different base conditions. Besides, it adds with parametric design tool to check the results of the four aforementioned design courses. The third part focuses on the fabrication method, which probes the possible problems and corresponding solutions through designing different fabrication modes with digital software. Then, it add the conditions like kinetic joints and shape adjustment to continuously design the actual structure system and details of unit of canopy and carry out discussion with the practical mode produced by CNC.
    The proposed simple unit structure system can array structures in line with different appearance requirements of architectures and adapt to the parameter modification and adjustment via its kinetic and adjustable features. Under the assistance of digital architecture design and fabrication methods, it can realize the customization and get rid of fixed structure system, to cope with the possibility of different appearance changes generated by parametric architecture design by means of more convenient disassembly and assembly.
    顯示於類別:[建築學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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