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    Title: 王安憶小說的主題意識與人物塑造研究
    Other Titles: Thematic consciousness and characterization studies in Wang An Yi's fiction
    Authors: 徐瓊貞;Chen, Hsu Chiung
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國文學系碩士在職專班
    顏崑陽;Yan, Kun-Yang
    Keywords: 王安憶;主題意識;人物塑造;知青;80年代;90年代;Wang An Yi;Theme consciousness;Characterization;Educated youth;80 years;90 years
    Date: 2013
    Issue Date: 2014-01-23 14:17:19 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 王安憶在中國當代文壇,創作數量眾多,風格不斷變化。她橫跨新時期的傷痕思潮、文化尋根、先鋒精神等文學潮流,被冠以「新時期文學中的旗幟人物」。細究王安憶的小說作品,不僅題材豐富,人物形象也時有創新。本論文將以王安憶90年代的中、長篇小說為研究對象,透過王安憶寫作遭遇的瓶頸及精神危機,重新檢視其作品中的主題意識與人物形象塑造。
    由於王安憶的小說具有不同時期,對某一相同或相類的主題採取不同切入角度加以書寫成篇的特點,因此,她的小說往往隨著不同的時期而有不同的著重方向,例如:80年代中期,大陸文學界興起一股「文化尋根」風潮,王安憶也在此風潮中找到日後創作的重要主題—尋根,她透過「尋根」的過程,確立自己的身份位置。此外,知青及農村題材小說也曾分別在她80年代初以及90年代末出現,但早期的知青小說著重描寫文革的傷痕,而90年代末的一系列知青與農村小說,卻呈現截然不同的面貌。另外,以女人與城市為題的作品,被公認是王安憶90年代創作轉型的歸宿。在王安憶筆下,小說人物的表演舞台總是設立於城市與鄉村兩個截然不同的空間,不論是女性情欲、婚姻關係,甚或是小百性的生活百態,都是上演於「上海」這個隱身的幕後舞台,而在觀察到農村生活感性、富有人性的一面後,王安憶也藉由小說寫出她對農村新的認識。
    王安憶的小說擅長以現實生活中的小老百姓作為故事主角,藉由他們的一舉一動、喜怒哀樂來「再現」人們的生活,並表達出深刻的主題思想,給予讀者真實親切的感受,因而能耐人咀嚼、回味再三。
    Wang An-Yi is writing numerous works and ever-changing style in Chinese contemporary literature. New era scars across her ideas, seeking root of cultural, pioneer spirit and other literary trend, dubbed "the banner of the New Literature characters". Careful study of Wang An-Yi''s novels, not only the rich themes, characters can innovate sometimes. This thesis will take Wang An-Yi’s 1990s novel as the research object, the bottleneck encountered by Wang An-Yi''s writing and spiritual crisis, re-examine her work in theme consciousness and portrayal establishment.
    As Wang An-Yi''s novel has a different period for the same or a similar theme to take a different aspect to cut in and write a chapter as characteristics, therefore, her novels often with different times and with different emphasis directions, For example: the mid-1980s, Continental literature promoting a "seeking cultural roots" movement, Wang also found this trend in the future creation of an important theme – seeking roots, through her "seeking roots" process, to establish herself identity position. In addition, youth intellectual and rural novels were also in her early 80s and the late 90s, early youth intellectual novels focus on describing the wounds of the Cultural Revolution, and in the late 1990s a series of youth intellectual and rural fiction, it presents very different aspect. In addition to the theme of women and cities’ works are recognized as the creative transformation as Wang An-Yi’s destination in1990s. In Wang An-Yi’s writing, novel’s character performance stage are always established in urban and rural two distinct spaces, whether female sexuality, marriage, or even people living phenomena, are staged in the "Shanghai" and stealth behind the stage, and observe rural life in emotional, for sake of humanity aspect, Wang An-Yi also write her a new understanding of the rural village. Wang An-Yi’s novels specialize in real-life story of the people as protagonist, with their every movement, emotions to "reproduction" of people''s lives, and express profound theme ideas, to give readers the real intimate feelings, and thus the ability of people chewing, pondering over and over again.
    Appears in Collections:[中國文學學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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