|摘要: ||行政院經濟建設委員會的統計資料表示臺灣將於2025年邁入超高齡社會，活力老化為高齡社會重要的議題，當中運輸障礙會影響高齡者出門活動的意願和生活品質。本研究利用問卷資料分析高齡者非醫療旅次之移動力，有效樣本為1,273人。非醫療旅次包括：運動、與鄰居聊天、購物或逛街、下田工作、休閒、宗教、去看親朋好友及外出聚餐。本研究以旅次頻率及活動範圍(家到目的地之旅行距離)定義移動力，以探討高齡者不同旅次目的之移動力。本研究的分析結果表示，高齡者移動力存在性別、地區別及腳移動力差異，且高齡者近距離及遠距離旅次頻率及活動範圍會受到生心理因素及運具使用之影響，特別是大眾運輸不方便地區之高齡者更需使用汽機車到更遠的目的地活動。因此本研究建議大眾運輸不方便地區設置需求反應式運輸服務(Demand Responsive Transportation Service，DRTS)，且政府應積極研擬補貼機制，使高齡者及生心理特殊需求者外出活動更方便。|
According to Conuncil for Economic Planning and Development, Taiwan will become an superaging socity in 2025.Active Aging is an importatant issiue of aging socity.Howeve,the transportation obstacles that might influence the willingness of older people to join outdoor activities might, as a consequence, affect their quality of life. This study analyzed the questionnaire to investigat the transportation mobility on non-medical trips for seniors in Taiwan. Non-medical trip purposes include the following activities: outdoor exercises, visiting neighbors, friends, and family, shopping, farming, leisure, and religious activities. The trip frequencies of elderly people and the range of activities (measured according to trip distances from home) were investigated to measure the transportation mobility of elderly people regarding various trip purposes. The result of this study shows that trip frequencies and activity scope are difference by gender, the accessibility of bus service and the the level of walking capability. In addition, the factors influence the trip frequencies and the activity scopes of elderly people for short- distance and long-distance trips including the level of walking capability, the level of depression and the transportation mode of respondents. Especially in the location with inconvenience bus service, the destinations are far away from seniors’ home.Therefor,this study suggests that Demand Responsive Transportation Service(DRTS) can be used to familiar senior and those who have special needs.The most important is that the government should develop a subsidy mechanism in order to active aging.