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    題名: 教育擴張對社會流動的影響
    其他題名: Impact of education on social mobility
    作者: 楊孟傑;Yang, Meng-Chieh
    貢獻者: 淡江大學經濟學系碩士班
    林彥伶;Lin, Yen-Ling
    關鍵詞: 教育擴張;社會流動;代內流動;多項式羅吉特模型;Education expansion;Social mobility;Intragenerational mobility;multinomial logit model
    日期: 2013
    上傳時間: 2014-01-23 13:43:28 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本研究檢驗台灣高等教育擴張對於社會階層流動的影響。不同於過去代間流動的文獻,本研究利用聯合國所定義的人類發展指數,將「休閒金額」、「教育程度」、與「所得」三個要素所組成的指標作為階層定義,觀察就業人口在高等教育的快速擴張後的代內社會流動情形。由於流動的觀察須對觀察值進行多年的追蹤,本研究採用1990年至2006年中的「家庭收支調查」資料進行實證分析,將資料依社經特性階層化,再利用追蹤資料迴歸模型與多項式羅吉特模型估計階層的向上與向下流動機率,並也計算社會的流動總量與階層流動量。實證的結果發現雖然教育程度對社會階層仍存在提升效果,當觀察值的年齡較接近教育擴張但非教育擴張受益者時,其社會階層向上流動的效果較不顯著。此外,本文也發現,在教育快速擴張的情況下,教育程度的提升竟使社會流動更加遲滯,並也增加向下流動的機率。
    This study examines the effects of education expansion on social mobility. Comparing to the literature, we use the Human Development Index to identify the individuals’ social stratification for the intrageneration social mobility investigating. The data used in this study is the “Survey of Family Income and Expenditure” from 1990 to 2006 in Taiwan. In order to trace the pattern of social stratifications, all observations are combined by their socio-economic characteristics and constructed as a pseudo-panel data. We employ the panel regression models and multinomial-logit models to estimate the probabilities of flow-up and flow-down, and we also measure the flow of total social mobility and social stratifications in the periods. The empirical results show that even though education could still promote individuals’ social stratification, the effects are lighter for those who have just finished high education before the year of education expansion. In addition, this study finds that after a fast education expansion in Taiwan, education level increasing not only make the social mobility stagnation, but also increase the probability of downward social mobility.
    顯示於類別:[經濟學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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