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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/93819


    Title: 我國22縣市政府財政支出效率探討 : DEA與空間計量方法之應用
    Other Titles: Study of fiscal efficiency in Taiwan local government with the characteristics of spatial dependence : data envelopment analysis approach
    Authors: 陳勇吉;Chen, Yung-Chi
    Contributors: 淡江大學產業經濟學系碩士班
    林俊宏;Lin, Chun-Hung
    Keywords: 財政效率;資料包絡分析法;非意欲產出;空間自迴歸;空間外溢;Fiscal Efficiency;Data Envelopment Analysis;Undesirable Output;Spatial Autoregression;Spatial spillover
    Date: 2013
    Issue Date: 2014-01-23 13:33:19 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 鑒於近年來各國財政赤字日益高漲,對經濟的穩定發展造成阻礙,致使政府財政支出惡化的問題逐漸受到重視。對於我國的現況而言,縣市政府財政支出效率仍存在南北之間的差異;同時,在我國政黨色彩濃厚的民主制度下,財政支出多寡主要受制於政府執政陣營的影響。爲瞭解這些現象的成因,致使本研究探討政府財政支出效率是否與民主制度和空間的外溢效果有關。本研究使用我國22縣市政府自1998年至2006年的資料,對政府財政支出效率進行評估,主要以意欲產出模型與非意欲產出模型的資料包絡分析法互相比較縣市政府在財政效率的排名,發現效率排名在納入非意欲產下出有明顯的改變。其次,考慮北、中、南與東部的區域劃分與政黨的因素分析;結果顯示效率較高的縣市集中於北部區域,縣市的效率排名會隨著執政黨輪替與執政黨連任而發生改變。最後,透過Moran’s I檢定與一階空間自迴歸模型對效率值分析;結果顯示我國縣市的效率值存在顯著的空間正相關,縣市政府的效率值會因為相鄰縣市資源的共享、居民的移動而有群聚現象,存在效率外溢的情況。
    In considering the rising fiscal deficits in recent years in Taiwan, deterioration of fiscal expenditure would cause obstruction and instability to the development of the economy. Local governments'' fiscal efficiencies in Taiwan are different between North and South. While political partisanship and democratic development were highly developed in Taiwan, government expenditure is usually limited by the ruling camp. In order to understand the causes of these phenomena, this study discusses the relationship between the fiscal efficiency of Taiwan local government and the democratic system by considering the spatial spillover effects. Firstly, this paper evaluates 22 local governments'' fiscal efficiency in Taiwan over the period 1998-2006 with the Data Envelopment Analysis method (DEA) and Seiford and Zhu’s (2002) undesirable output model. The efficiency ranking is found differently by considering “undesirable output” from the local government’s expenditure. Secondly, the results show that local governments with higher efficiency concentrate in the northern regions of Taiwan, while the efficiency rankings would change due to the political party alternations in power. Finally, we use the Moran’s I test and first-order spatial model to indicate that local government’s fiscal efficiency has significantly positive cross-regional spillovers.
    Appears in Collections:[產業經濟學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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