The purpose of this research, based on Bronfenbrenner''s human ecological systems theory, is to analyze elders’ life attitude in relation to different ecological systems. The systems are divided into three levels: individual level, social level, and environmental and cultural level. This research strives to understand the differences in the three levels of ecological systems and life attitude among elders with different backgrounds. It is also to investigate the relationship between ecological systems and the life attitude of elders. A sample of 218 elders completed a battery of questionnaires including Life System Scale and Life Attitude Scale, and the data were analyzed using one-sample t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Pearson''s product-moment correlation. Implications of this study and proposals for future research are presented to education and counseling units. Major findings of this study include:
1.The better the condition of the ecological systems, the more positive the attitude towards life. Correlation is the highest between one’s sense of existence and self-perception, between one’s attitude towards death and interpersonal interactions, as well as between one’s life experiences and the acceptance of cultural changes in the environment.
2.Conditions of the individual level and the environmental and cultural level could predict one’s life attitude, with the condition of one’s environmental and cultural level being the most predictive.
3.Elders living in nursing homes possess lower self-perception. Level of education also shows an influence on one’s self-perception and personal and social interactions. In addition, a more negative self-perception is also exhibited in unmarried elders.
4.Education shows an influence one the elders’ life attitude, though no difference in life attitude is displayed based on gender, age, marital status, living conditions and religious beliefs.