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    Title: 老人人生系統觀與生命態度之相關研究 : 以台北地區老年人為對象
    Other Titles: Study of the relationship between perspective of life systems and life attitude : based on senior citizens in Taipei
    Authors: 洪玉帆;Hung, Yu-Fan
    Contributors: 淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班
    柯志恩;Ko, Chih-En
    Keywords: 老年人;生態系統理論;生命態度;elders;ecological systems;life attitude
    Date: 2013
    Issue Date: 2014-01-23 13:24:18 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究以Bronfenbrenner的人類生態系統理論為基礎,將老年人之系統分為三個層次,探討不同人生系統觀與老年人生命態度之相關情形,了解不同背景變項的老年人在「個人層次」、「社會層次」、「環境文化層次」與「生命態度」的差異情形,並探討「個人層次」、「社會層次」、「環境文化層次」與「生命態度」間的關係,藉此提供相關單位適當的建議。本研究採問卷調查法進行,共518名老年人為研究樣本,研究工具包括「人生系統量表」與「生命態度量表」,以獨立樣本t檢定、單因子變異數分析、Pearson積差相關等方法進行統計分析。
    本研究的主要發現有:
    一、人生系統狀況越好,則生命態度越正向。存在感與個人對自我的看法相關最高;死亡態度與人際互動相關最高;生命經驗與對環境文化變遷的接受度相關最高。
    二、人生系統中「個人層次」與「環境文化層次」的狀態,可預測生命態度狀況,以「環境文化層次」對生命態度之預測力最高。
    三、居住於安養中心者對自我的看法較低,學歷對自我看法及個人與社會互動之狀況也有影響,未婚者對自我的看法也較負向。
    四、學歷影響個人對生命態度之看法,生命態度在性別、年齡、婚姻狀況、居住狀況及宗教信仰上,則無差異。
    The purpose of this research, based on Bronfenbrenner''s human ecological systems theory, is to analyze elders’ life attitude in relation to different ecological systems. The systems are divided into three levels: individual level, social level, and environmental and cultural level. This research strives to understand the differences in the three levels of ecological systems and life attitude among elders with different backgrounds. It is also to investigate the relationship between ecological systems and the life attitude of elders. A sample of 218 elders completed a battery of questionnaires including Life System Scale and Life Attitude Scale, and the data were analyzed using one-sample t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Pearson''s product-moment correlation. Implications of this study and proposals for future research are presented to education and counseling units. Major findings of this study include:

    1.The better the condition of the ecological systems, the more positive the attitude towards life. Correlation is the highest between one’s sense of existence and self-perception, between one’s attitude towards death and interpersonal interactions, as well as between one’s life experiences and the acceptance of cultural changes in the environment.
    2.Conditions of the individual level and the environmental and cultural level could predict one’s life attitude, with the condition of one’s environmental and cultural level being the most predictive.
    3.Elders living in nursing homes possess lower self-perception. Level of education also shows an influence on one’s self-perception and personal and social interactions. In addition, a more negative self-perception is also exhibited in unmarried elders.
    4.Education shows an influence one the elders’ life attitude, though no difference in life attitude is displayed based on gender, age, marital status, living conditions and religious beliefs.
    Appears in Collections:[教育心理與諮商研究所] 學位論文

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