重大經濟問題及因應政策得當與否，不僅攸關國家經濟安全，也常是國際爭端，甚至戰爭發生的主要原因。歐洲各國經濟體質互異，融合不易，但其內部市場整合與歐元區單一貨幣，已形成國家間高度整合互賴的經濟關係。面對不對稱經濟衝擊時，必需協調相關經濟政策措施，以確保共同的經濟安全與發展。 歐元區貨幣集中、財政分散導致失衡的經濟政策，使得歐債問題無法根本解決。歐債危機的負面效應已產生對於歐元存續及歐盟多速整合的質疑，對於歐債危機的因應策略將攸關歐洲整體經濟安全，目前歐盟走向經濟治理的政策方向發展，而歐元區財經、金融改革箭在弦上，其中又以防制系統性風險、維持金融穩定的金融集中監理政策推動，尤為當務之急。 本文將從目前歐洲央行金融集中監理改革出發，以歐元區整體經濟安全的角度，說明由國家範圍擴大至區域範圍的經濟安全概念的發展趨勢，探討歐洲經濟金融制度的建立及運作，分析歐元區朝向區域經濟金融建制發展的可能性，並評估此一區域經濟金融新制是否終能落實、進而有效保障國家經濟安全，進而確保歐元區與歐盟可以持續地穩定運作與發展。 Major economic issues and policy responses are related to the national economic security. It also result in international disputes, and even outbreak of wars. The nature of the European countries’ economies are different, thus, they difficultly integrate each other. However, due to the integration of the internal market and the euro zone''s single currency, the each nation has formed a high degree of integration between the economic relations of interdependence. When faced with asymmetric economic shocks, it is necessary to coordinate economic measurements to ensure the common security and development. The concentration of the euro area monetary and financial dispersed deteriorate debt issues. The European debt crisis has generated negative effects on Euro existence and EU multi-speed integration. European as a whole have to react to the European debt crisis strategy is relevant to the economic security of Europe as a whole. EU is moving toward the policy direction of the development of economic governance. Since financial reform is imminent, Euro area it is necessary to prevent systemic risk, centralize financial supervision policies, and then promote financial stability. This dissertation will focus on the current ECB centralized financial supervision reform. Judging by the whole euro zone economic security concept, indicating the country extension to the region-wide economic security concept on how to develop. In addition, one explores the establishment and operation of the European economy and financial system, analyzes the possibility of the euro zone toward the development of regional economic and financial establishment, and assess whether the new economic and financial system of this region can be established fully. Authority is able to ensure the safety of the national economy. Moreover, we are confirmed the euro area and the EU will continue to stabilize the operation and development.