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    Title: 「歐洲對外行動處」(EEAS)之研究
    Other Titles: Study on European external action service
    Authors: 李宛芝;Li, Wan-Chih
    Contributors: 淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士班
    張福昌;Chang, Fu-chang
    Keywords: 歐洲聯盟;歐洲對外行動處;共同外交與安全政策;共同安全與防衛政策;高級代表;歐盟發展政策;EU;EEAS;CFSP;CSDP;High Representative;EU development policy
    Date: 2013
    Issue Date: 2014-01-23 13:23:38 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 歐盟於1993年馬斯垂克條約中提出了「共同外交與安全政策」後,仍積極尋求增強歐盟國際行為者的角色。為了達到此目的,並促進歐盟對外行動的一致性,歐盟瞭解到必須更進一步整合歐盟所有對外行動的資源,因此於 2009年里斯本條約中,改變歐盟對外行動的組織結構與治理方式,並創設歐盟外交與安全政策高級代表與「歐洲對外行動處」,前者為歐盟「共同外交與安全政策」的主要負責人;而後者則是輔佐前者推行「共同外交與安全政策」的核心機構。里斯本條約所建構之「共同外交與安全政策」新制度使歐盟外交、安全與防衛政策展現全新的局面,其中,「歐洲對外行動處」具有「承上」(高級代表之命令)「啟下」(政策之執行)的功能,在歐盟「共同外交與安全政策」中擁有重要的地位。
    本文將以制度主義為基礎,首先,檢視「歐洲對外行動處」的組織結構;接著,剖析「歐洲對外行動處」的在「共同外交與安全政策」決策過程中與實際執行上的角色;最後,分析「歐洲對外行動處」運作的問題,並評估「歐洲對外行動處」是否真的能有效提升歐盟的集體對外行動。
    After the common foreign and security policy (CFSP) was introduced in Maastricht treaty, the EU continues to find a way to enhance its role as an international actor. In order to achieve this, the EU political actors have realized the urgent need to integrate all of the resources of EU external actions. The High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (HR) and the European External Action Service (EEAS) were given birth under this circumstance in Lisbon treaty. The HR is responsible for the implementation of CFSP and the EEAS will assist HR to fulfill her mandate. According to the Lisbon Treaty, the EEAS enjoys rights to participate in policy programming and implementation under the authority of the HR. With all these competences in hand, the EEAS is considered as an important part of CFSP.
    This paper will be aiming at the EEAS and will use Institutionalism as its theoretical basis. First of all, it will describe the structure and organization of the EEAS. Second, it will analyze the role of EEAS in policy programming and implementation. Finally, it will assay EEAS’ potential problems, and answer the question that whether the EEAS can strengthen the collective action of CFSP and CSDP effectively.
    Appears in Collections:[歐洲研究所] 學位論文

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