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    Title: 中共在聯合國安理會否決權之使用
    Other Titles: China's veto voting at the united nations security council
    Authors: 邱明寰;Chiu, Ming-Huan
    Contributors: 淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士班
    李大中;Li, Da-Jung
    Keywords: 中共;聯合國;安理會;否決權;Veto;U.N.;UNSC;PRC
    Date: 2013
    Issue Date: 2014-01-23 13:23:04 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 1971年至今,中共參與聯合國長達40年,共投下9次否決;另外,在秘書長人選的非公開會議,共投下16次。中共在安理會對議案否決的次數是所有常任理事國當中最少的,然而,在非公開會議的否決次數卻是第二多,僅次於美國。中共否決權使用與其他常任理事國明顯不同。綜觀中共四任領導人時期之否決案,毛澤東公開會議否決2次、非公開會議3次;鄧小平公開會議無否決、非公開會議16次;江澤民公開會議否決2次;胡錦濤公開會議否決5次。
    由上述可見,中共否決權次數與其他常任理事國有著顯著差異。公開會議以及正式記錄者,美國78次、蘇聯/俄羅斯119次、英國34次、法國20次。中共並不同於其他理事國經常性的使用否決,本研究將對中共歷來否決進行分析,解構中共在安理會行使否決更深意涵、原因、及目的。
    Since 1971 when China became a member of the United Nations, it has vetoed only nine times as a permanent member of the U.N. Security Council, which is the least among the five permanent members of the UNSC. For the elections of the U.N. Secretary, which are held in non-public meetings, China has vetoed 19 times during this period, which comes next to the United States in frequency. Why has China’s voting behavior differed so much from all other UNSC permanent members? A systematic examination of domestic and foreign factors over the periods of four Chinese leaders – Mao, Deng, Jiang, and Hu – suggests that the major determinants are China’s image in the Third World, its domestic politics, and the presidential elections in the U.S..
    Appears in Collections:[國際事務與戰略研究所] 學位論文

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