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    Title: 東協與中國關係發展之研究(1991-2012) : 從建構主義觀點看
    Other Titles: Study on the development of relations between ASEAN and China (1991-2012) : from the perspective of constructivism
    Authors: 余鴻潾;Yu, Hung-Lin
    Contributors: 淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士在職專班
    王高成;Wang, Kao-Cheng
    Keywords: 建構主義;東協建構;中國外交政策;南海爭議;中國與東協關係;Constructivism;the construction of the ASEAN;China's foreign policy;the South China Sea dispute;relations between China and ASEAN
    Date: 2013
    Issue Date: 2014-01-23 13:22:21 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 建構主義是在不同的領域範圍下,以建構的思想方式來進行經驗分析,闡述自身的觀點與思想,以謀求一種中立而客觀的知識。建構主義主張應用社會學視角看待世界政治,注重國際關係中所存在的社會規劃結構,強調機構、規則和認同在國家行為及利益形成過程中所具有的重要作用,指出行為體與體系結構之間存在著互動依賴關係。東協組織的建構初期是在外來環境的不確定因素下,東協國家對國家安全的「共有知識」,為確保自身國家安全的「共同利益」,而互動實踐的國際組織。從剛成立時為對抗共產主義南侵,到向自由貿易區發展。此時「共同利益」也有了轉變,組織結構也隨之變化,不僅擴大組織規模,也陸續加強與周邊國家互動。希望向「政治安全共同體」、「經濟共同體」、「社會文化共同體」邁進。而中國從視東協為反共集團,到認同加入中國-東協自由貿易區,中國和東協的共同利益,影響中國對東協的外交互動,中國與東協合作的過程,也將影響中國的未來參與國際組織的態度與規範。中國特別是將周邊安全列為睦鄰外交的首要目標,建構主義認為從國家間因為共同的認同與交流的行動,幫助國家行為體間確立共同的期望,並形塑彼此行為規範,來各國的身分與利益並形成制度。但中國與菲律賓、越南在南海問題上的爭執,東協各國的角色與立場表態,看出東協因利益變化的互動所形成的身份改變,對東協與中國未來關係的發展與轉變。
    Under a range of different areas of constructivism, ideological approach to empirical analysis of construction, described their own perspectives and ideas, in pursuit of a neutral and objective knowledge. Advocate of Constructivism applied sociological perspective on world politics, focusing on international relations that exist in the structure of social planning, stressing that interests of the institutions, rules and recognition at the national and the important role in the formation, noting that there is a mutual dependency between the body and architecture. Construction of the ASEAN organization initially under uncertainty in the external environment, of ASEAN countries on national security "shared knowledge", in order to ensure its own national security, "common interest", and interactive practice of international organizations. Since the Group was founded to fight the Communist invasion of South, to the development of the free trade area. "The common interest" also changes, also changes in the organizational structure, not only to expand the scale of organization, continue to strengthen interactions with neighboring countries. Want to " political security community ", " economic community ", " socio-cultural community " . China sees ASEAN as an anti-Communist Group, to agree to join the China - ASEAN free trade area, the common interests of China and the ASEAN, and China ASEAN diplomatic interaction, cooperation between China and ASEAN, will also affect China''s future participation in international organizations and norms. In China, especially in the primary objective of the perimeter security as a goodwill, constructivism from the common identity and exchange operations between States for, helping to establish common expectations among national actors, and shaping their behaviour, to institutionalize the status and interests of States and. But China, the Philippines and Viet Nam on the issue of South China Sea disputes, position on the role and position of the ASEAN countries, ASEAN formed due to the interaction between changes in interest identity change, development and changes of the relationship between ASEAN and China in the future .
    Appears in Collections:[國際事務與戰略研究所] 學位論文

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