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    Title: 兩岸簽署「海峽兩岸共同打擊犯罪及司法互助協議」前後, 兩岸共同打擊詐欺犯罪實務研究
    Other Titles: Before and after the two sides signed the "two sides of the Taiwan Strait to jointly crack down on crime and mutual legal assistance agreement, the two sides jointly combat fraud crime Practice Research
    Authors: 王中大;Wang, Zhong-Da
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士在職專班
    潘錫堂
    Keywords: 詐欺;詐欺犯罪;共同打擊犯罪;fraud;fraud crime;joint crime -fighting
    Date: 2013
    Issue Date: 2014-01-23 13:21:19 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 自1987年11月2日政府開放兩岸探親 ,兩岸的交流自此正式揭開序幕。然而,隨著兩岸交流的日益密切,衍生出如人蛇偷渡、非法槍械、毒品、貨品走私、詐欺、洗錢、經濟犯罪、組織犯罪等非傳統性安全威脅,其中尤以詐欺犯罪,牽涉層面最廣,被害人數最多,危害最甚。
    兩岸雖在1990年「金門協議」的合作基礎上,進一步於2009年4月26日於南京簽署「海峽兩岸共同打擊犯罪及司法互助協議」,協議生效後,兩岸在共同打擊犯罪及司法互助上,趨於常態化與制度化,對於詐欺案件偵查上,更是屢有斬獲;而這是否意味者「海峽兩岸共同打擊犯罪及司法互助協議」的簽署,在詐欺案件防制上確實發生了預期效果?本研究主要是希望藉由學術理論與架構的分析,探討協議簽署後對兩岸共同打擊詐欺犯罪實務上的影響。
    本研究透過官方的數據資料顯示發現,臺灣地區的詐欺背信犯罪發生數,至2005年達到最高峰,惟至2009年起逐年穩定下降,截至2012年止,總件數已降至20,637件。與大陸主管部門進行交換犯罪情資,包含詐欺、擄人勒贖、毒品、殺人、強盜及侵占洗錢等案類合計破獲68案,逮捕嫌犯4,538人,成效相當顯著。惟實務運作上仍有下列困境尚待後續協處:一、大陸對於協緝案件的選擇性配合。二、無法掌握協查時效。三、陸方金融、電信資料不健全,追查難以溯源。四、通訊監察及地下通匯管道追查不易。五、聯絡窗口無法滿足現況需求。
    其次,研究亦發現,執行面上仍有以下齟齬之處,有待雙方克服:一、政府對人頭帳戶及人頭電話防制未見成效。二、詐欺犯罪與網路結合且愈加緊密。三、缺乏打擊犯罪情資整合性系統平台。四、兩岸跨境詐欺犯罪據點有逐漸轉移至東南亞國家趨勢。五、政府尚無有效防堵地下通匯管道的作為。並建議未來努力的方向:一、相互派駐警察聯絡官。二、建置打擊犯罪情資整合性系統平台。三、加強與東南亞各國共同打擊犯罪之合作、交流。四、透過績效導向,全力肅清地下通匯管道、輔導銀行業者調降手續費。五、強力查緝電信機房、平台等五項具體建議。
    Since November 2, 1987 the government open to visit relatives on both sides, cross-strait exchanges henceforth officially kicked off. However, with closer cross-strait exchanges, as derived from smuggling illegal immigrants, illegal firearms, drugs, goods smuggling, fraud, money laundering, economic crime, organized crime and other non-traditional security threats, particularly in criminal fraud, involving broadest , the largest number of victims, endangering the worst.
    Although the two sides in 1990 "Kinmen Agreement" on the basis of cooperation, further on April 26, 2009 in Nanjing signed "cross-strait common fight against crime and mutual legal assistance agreement" agreement comes into effect, the two sides in the fight against crime and mutual legal assistance on , tends to be normalized and institutionalized fraud cases for investigation, and it is frequently gains; while this mean that those who "cross-strait common fight against crime and mutual legal assistance agreement" signed in the prevention of fraud cases do occur on the expected effect? This study is to use this academic theory and structure analysis to explore after signing the agreement on both sides to jointly crack down on the practice of criminal fraud.
    This study found that the official data show, Taiwan, the number of fraudulent breach of trust cases occurred, to 2005, reached a peak, but to a steady decline year by year since 2009, ended 2012, the total number has dropped to 20,637 pieces. With the mainland authorities to exchange criminal intelligence, including fraud, kidnapping, drugs, murder, robbery and money laundering, embezzlement cases like cracked 68 cases total, 4,538 people arrested suspects, quite remarkable results. However, there are still practical operation pending subsequent coprocessor following dilemma: a Continental Association Ji case for selective cooperation. Two, unable to grasp an investigation aging. Third, the mainland financial, telecommunications data is not perfect, is difficult to trace traceability. Four, communications surveillance and underground remittance pipeline is not easy to trace. Fifth, the contact window can not meet current situation demands.
    Secondly, the study also found that the surface still perform the following discord of the Department, subject to the parties to overcome: First, contact the status window can not meet demand. Second, the lack of fighting crime intelligence integrated system platform. Third, cross border fraud crime has gradually shifted to Southeast Asia stronghold national trends. Fourth, the lack of attempts to prevent the underground pipeline as Trident. Five, failed to effectively eradicate dummy account and head phones. And recommendations: First, the police liaison officers stationed in each other. Second, to build an integrated system to combat crime intelligence platform. Third, strengthen cooperation with Southeast Asian countries in combating crime cooperation and exchange. Four, aggravated criminal, to eliminate underground remittance pipes. Five, strong seizing telecommunications room, platforms, etc. five specific recommendations.
    Appears in Collections:[中國大陸研究所] 學位論文

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