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|Title: ||內需不振 : 中國城鄉居民所得水準與邊際消費傾向之實證分析2001-2010|
|Other Titles: ||Shrinking of domestic demands : an empirical study on the MPC of income groups of urban and rural residents in China 2001-2010|
|Authors: ||柯峻豪;Ke, Chun-Hao|
|Keywords: ||中國內需;所得;邊際消費傾向;絕對所得假說;簡單凱因斯模型;domestic demands in China;incomes;the marginal propensity to consume;Absolute Income Hypothesis;Simple Keynesian Model|
|Issue Date: ||2014-01-23 13:19:32 (UTC+8)|
By the abundance natural resources and low labor costs, China became the world factory since the reform and open in year 1978, has been producing the commodity of every country. In 2000, the China average salary is only 9,333 RMB, but by 2011 had grown nearly 4.5 times as much, came to 41,799 RMB. While enterprises of the world choose to invest in China, they valued the huge Chinese domestic market, but the internal consumption to economic growth in the contribution rate is still low. Since reform and opening, China is still an export-oriented country, the domestic consumer market is clearly not as good as expected.
This thesis is to study the MPC of different income groups of urban and rural residents in China, to identify the relationship between the incomes and MPC or other various factors. Using Simple Keynesian Model with Absolute Income Hypothesis as the main research methods. The use of ANOVA and regression coefficient analysis shows that Chinese urban and rural residents MPC2001-2010 years of change.
The study found that urban residents'' MPC will be influenced by the positive fiscal policy and MPC has downward trend. The low income class urban resident life has improved. Furthermore, Chinese government to the fiscal policy was unbalance between urban and rural, resulting in consumption of rural residents tend to be conservative, the uncertainty of the future life enhancement.
|Appears in Collections:||[中國大陸研究所] 學位論文|
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