第三個議題是「作品中與作品外的時代背景」。在這裡本論文將再一次全面檢視上述人物的思想來源，或者其所屬的時代脈動，以更深入地探討村上想藉由角色在時代中的經歷帶出的議題。最後本論文將轉為作者論，藉由檢視作者村上春樹創作《發條鳥年代記》時的背景，配合前面的考察，以達成探討《發條鳥年代記》中日本描寫的意義之研究目標。 “The Wind-up Bird Chronicle” is a turning point of Haruki Murakami’s works. It is the first Murakami novel that brings the historical events during Imperial Japan period in.
Therefore, there will be three subjects in this thesis. The first subject is “powerful people’s Japan”. The main target of this subject will be Wataya Family, the representive example of powerful people in “The Wind-up Bird Chronicle”. Wataya Family also has a connection to those historical events.
The second subject is “soldiers and civilians’ Japan”. The main target of this subject will be Mr. Honda, Lieutenant Mamiya, and Nutmeg Akasaka. These characters’ experiences during wartime period will be focused in this subject.
The third subject is “the historical background”. Researching of the wartime period those character experienced is a way to consider Murakami’s thought. Then, the time Murakami wrote “The Wind-up Bird Chronicle” will be focused on. Through these three subjects in this thesis, the author hopes to approach what Murakami wants to tell readers through the ecriture of Imperial Japan.