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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/93588

    Title: 法國施行<民事共同責任協定>之社會文化影響
    Other Titles: Social and cultural impacts of PACS in France
    Authors: 林潔;Lin, Chieh
    Contributors: 淡江大學法國語文學系碩士班
    Keywords: 民事共同責任協定;同性婚姻;同性伴侶;civil solidarity pact;equal rights;homosexual couples;PACS;couples homosexuelles
    Date: 2013
    Issue Date: 2014-01-23 13:14:42 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 法國於1999年通過了〈民事共同責任協定〉(Pacte civil de solidarite, PACS),該協定是法國在《民法》上,第一個通過承認與保障同性戀伴侶合法結合的法律。兩個同性或異性的成年人得以伴侶的身分,維持實質上的穩定和持續的關係,並簽訂民事協定,以享有一些法律權利與保障。


    Homosexual behavior has always been a part of human existence. Up to the early twentieth century, most homosexuals continued to keep their sexual orientation hidden because of the prejudice against them. In the 1970s, French gays and lesbians formed organizations to fight the discriminatory laws, they wanted to abolish the laws that criminalized homosexual acts. After that, homosexuals have fought to obtain formal recognition of their relationships, they want civil rights protection. The rights of same-sex couples to marry and the rights of gays as adoptive parents are two of the most controversial issues.
    In 1999, the law of the PACS(Pacte civil de solidarite)passed in France. The government opted for the middle ground, implemented a new institution, a domestic partnership regime. The PACS is the first law which admits and protects homosexual couples in France. The PACS is a form of civil union between two adults for organizing their common life. Both heterosexual and homosexual couples can register PACS, it provides equal benefits to all kind of couples who can enjoy less benefits and rights than those provide by a marriage. This new institution can be seen as recognition of the homosexual relationship, but it dose not have the right to be called a marriage and does not confer the right to adopt children. After the PACS passed, French same-sex couples are demanding more and more openly the right which has not been admitted in the name of equality. The purpose of the research is to find the meaning and sociocultural impacts of the PACS in the way of homosexuals fight for the equal rights.
    Appears in Collections:[法國語文學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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