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|Title: ||Visions of healing energy inspiringilluminating Gary Snyder's works|
|Other Titles: ||蓋瑞.史耐德作品與療癒能量觀|
|Authors: ||陳維;Chen, Wei|
|Keywords: ||蓋瑞.史耐德生態詩;療癒能量;心氣不二;悲空不二;量子力學;Snyder's eco-poetry;healing energy;prana;emptiness;quantum physics|
|Issue Date: ||2014-01-23 13:14:15 (UTC+8)|
The idea of an “animating force” appears in almost every major wisdom and healing tradition. For example, in Chinese cosmology, it is called “chi,” which originated from The Book of Changes, in whose worldview the whole universe is imbued with “chi,” while in Hinduism and Buddhism, it is called “prana.” “Animating force,” “chi” and “prana,” in modern terms, can signify [subtle] energy.
Quantum Theory has demonstrated that our universe is composed of energy in different forms rather than the binary opposition of energy/matter. In classic science, while energy exists in the form of moving wave, matter exists in the form of particle respectively. However, Quantum theorists have proved that the basic particle of matter—Subatomic Particle, which is also called the “God particle”—can exist in the form of flowing wave when it is not being observed; only when it is under observation will it be fixed into the form of matter! This revolutionary discovery of Wave-Particle duality has confirmed that “mind” is also a kind of energy; such a phenomenon also conforms to the Buddhist view that all phenomena are created by our mind and “the non-duality of prana and mind.” The world is not merely represented in different ways from different viewpoints; the nature of the world is nothing but “emptiness.” Moreover, the world is even created by different energies of our different minds. Such a cosmology also echoes Gary Snyder’s eco-poetics.
Einstein once declared that our universe was nothing but a “field,” which also echoed Snyder’s outlook of a cosmos as the field of energy. Quantum theorists further assume a “quantum vacuum zero-point field,” where the invisible energy of “emptiness” in the universe comes from. Though there exists neither everything nor nothing in the field, this vacuum zero-point field could bring all possible states into concrete existence. It is the source of the universal creativity. The power of “the non-duality of compassion and emptiness” is as solid as diamond that it can conquer all, and it is also such power that could wipe out all human illusions and engender newer insights in the metaphysical level.
Buddhism, Chinese philosophy and Indian tradition all affirm the visible or invisible connections between humankind and the universe. The Buddhist practice of Yoga means “connection.” The root of diseases in human civilization is caused by the disharmony of our body, mind and soul. Thus Buddhist sitting meditation could restore our energy from negative into positive frequency through purifying the seven chakras. Taoists also adjust our state of energy through the practice of breathing. The healing of our body, mind, and soul thus becomes possible through the harmonious re-connection.
Every creature has its own frequency, though our unique frequency could affect each other in the network of life simultaneously. While the energy of flowers is mostly temporary, the energy of trees is often enduring. Thus when we sit under the trees quietly, we could be affected by their stable energy to ease our anxiety in an urban city. The healing energy of the flora also supports Gary Snyder’s devotion to the preservation of the wilderness for “the non-duality of body and earth.” Nature itself has its innate healing energy; it only awaits our approaching before it can exert away influence and help us realize our inner automatic healing energy in turn.
Chapter One to Chapter Four in this dissertation tries to make explicit how Gary Snyder, the “poet laureate of Deep Ecology,” strives to heal the disease of Western civilization through his cultural translation of the healing energy visions in Chinese culture, Buddhism, and Indian tradition. And Chapter Five and Conclusion further aim at interpreting Gary Snyder’s eco-poetry through connecting the visions of healing energy in Chinese Confucianism and Taoism, Buddhism, and Indian aboriginal tradition with modern scientific theories such as Quantum Theory, Chaos Theory, and Fractal Theory. This dissertation endeavors to reveal that Gary Snyder has not only connected Eastern and Western cultures, but has also made classical heritage anew into the modern worldview. In his holism of universal connection, the healing of human civilization would thus become possible.
|Appears in Collections:||[Graduate Institute & Department of English] Thesis|
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