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    Title: 家庭角色變遷對智利女性的影響
    Other Titles: Effects of family-role changes on Chilean women
    Authors: 王珮瓊;Wang, Pei-Chiung
    Contributors: 淡江大學美洲研究所碩士班
    林欽明;Lin, Chin-Ming
    Keywords: 智利;女性;家庭角色;夫妻關係;親子關係;親屬關係;工作家庭衝突;子女教育和教養;Chile;gender relations;family roles;conjugal relations;parent-child relations;kinship;Work-Family Conflict;children's education
    Date: 2013
    Issue Date: 2014-01-23 13:09:42 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 在社會變遷的過程中,隨著家庭結構的轉變和越來越多女性出外工作,智利女性的傳統家庭角色產生了變化。本研究主要探討智利女性家庭角色的改變對家庭內部的夫妻關係、親子關係和親屬關係帶來的影響,女性出外工作與家庭之間的衝突,以及智利單親母親家庭中,子女的教育和教養所遭受的衝擊。
    本研究發現,因個人自主和性別平權意識提升而改變的家庭角色,導致智利夫妻間的權力和責任關係重新調整,不同社經地位的家庭有不一樣的性別關係,親子之間的關係也是如此。在親屬關係方面,智利女性仍然是扮演照顧老年人和身心障礙者的主要角色。另外,在工作與家庭的衝突方面,身兼工作與家庭責任的智利女性必須思考各種解決方式,不過因難求兩全,故出現了家庭暴力、婚姻穩定度降低等問題。
    在子女教育和教養方面,本研究發現,雖然現代智利父親有比較關切子女的教育,但母親仍是子女教育的主要負責人,尤其是在單親的家庭裡;此外,母親外出工作或父親缺席並未被發現是影響子女教養的主要因素。
    In the process of social change, as family structures change and women increasingly participate in labor force, there has been a change in Chilean women’s traditional family roles. The main purpose of this thesis is to explore how the changes in family roles have impacted on conjugal relations, parent-child relations, kinships, the work-family conflict, and children’s education especially in single mothers’ families.
    The study found out that the change of family roles, induced by increasing awareness of individual autonomy and gender equality, has resulted in readjustment of power relationships between husbands and wives, with different gender relations in families of different socioeconomic status, as well as in parent-child relations. In regards of kinship, the study found out that taking care of elderly and disabled people are still within the major domain of Chilean women. Furthermore, Chilean women, who have dual responsibilities in work and family, have to figure out how to deal with the work-family conflict, which at times resulted in domestic violence, marital instability, etc. because of deficiencies in those solutions.
    In regards of children’s education, the study found that although Chilean fathers in recent years have spent more time in their children’s education, mothers are still the primary undertakers of this responsibility. Moreover, in Chile, neither the fact that mothers go out to work nor absence of fathers is found to be the main factor affecting children’s upbringing.
    Appears in Collections:[美洲研究所] 學位論文

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