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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/93546

    Title: El estudio sobre la pobreza en Brasil (1995-2010)
    Other Titles: 巴西扶貧議題之研究 (1995-2010)
    Brazil's poverty study (1995-2010)
    Authors: 陳姿均;Chen, Tzu-Chun
    Contributors: 淡江大學美洲研究所碩士班
    熊建成;Juan, Hung-hui
    Keywords: 巴西;貧窮;家庭補助計畫;魯拉;卡多索;新自由主義;新結構主義;經濟成長;社會支出;貧富差距;千禧年發展目標;Brazil;Poverty;Bolsa Familia;Lula;Cardoso;Neoliberalism;neostructuralism;economic growth;Social Expenditures;inequality;MDGs (The Millennium Development Goals);Brasil;Pobreza;Neoliberalismo;Neoestructuralismo;Crecimiento Economico;Gasto Publico Social;Desigualdad;ODM (Objetivos de Desarrrollo del Milenio)
    Date: 2012
    Issue Date: 2014-01-23 13:09:32 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 巴西從西班牙手中獨立至今,「貧窮」一直都是個重要且嚴肅的議題。

    貧窮是多面向的,所影響的層面小至個人生活,大至整個社會,並與其他議題相互呼應,如:健康、教育…等。因此,各國領袖們於2000年聯合國千禧年高峰會上簽訂千禧年宣言,嗣為具體落實消除人類貧窮、飢餓、疾病、文盲、環境惡化及婦女歧視等目標,故陸續發展出一套具體且有時程的發展計畫及評量指標,以期於2015年達成千禧年發展目標(Millennium Development Goals; MDGs),其中最主要的目標之一為減少一半的赤貧及飢餓人口。


    Poverty in Brazil has always been a serious and important issue since their independence.

    Poverty is a multidimensional concept, and can be affected by several interrelated issues. And for this reason, the UN member signed the Millennium Declaration in 2000 at the Millennium Summit to establish the future of humanity together, hoping that through the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) will help people to get out of poverty and improve their living conditions.

    Among the Latin countries, Brazil has been one of the most unequal countries with lots of people living in poverty and extreme poverty, but also has been a country with good results in the issue of poverty reduction and economic growth. In 2009, the percentage of the population who living in extreme poverty was 6.1% and 10.8% in poverty. These percentages have reduced nearly two-thirds of those consequences of the 1990. Moreover, Brazil is now the sixth largest economy in the world and annual GDP growth reached 7.5% in 2010 when the United States only grew 2.4%, Mexico 5.3% and Chile 5.8%. Therefore, we would like to investigate what they have done to get the achievements in the area of poverty reduction.

    At the beginning of this thesis, we will talk about the poverty and three factors which related with poverty reduction, those factors are economic growth, level of inequality and social spending. Second, through the history, economic and social causes, so we can understand how it produced serious inequality and the situation of poverty in Brazil. Later, we will talk about the ideologies and policies of President Cardoso and President Lula in fighting poverty. At the end, we will use the 13 indicators of the MDGs of the UN which have been selected by ECLAC and the indicators of international organizations for verifying and analyzing the achievement.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute of the Americas] Thesis

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