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    題名: Risk Factors for Inpatient Falls at a Mental Hospital
    其他題名: 精神專科醫院住院病人跌倒的危險因子
    作者: 曾志傑;Tseng, Chih-Chieh;蘇碧玉;Su, Pi-Yu;黃信得;Huang, Hsin-Te;張玉坤;Chang, Yue-Cune;戴月明;Tai, Yueh-Ming
    貢獻者: 淡江大學數學學系
    關鍵詞: 跌倒;危險因子;跌倒次數;受傷嚴重程度;Falls;risk factors;numbers of falls;severity of injuries
    日期: 2013-06
    上傳時間: 2013-11-21 14:32:59 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 臺北市:臺灣精神醫學會
    摘要: Objective: The objectives of this study were to identify predictors of falls and to measure the severity of injuries among psychiatry inpatients. Methods: We first examined a five-year adverse event registry data of a psychiatric teaching hospital, which is a 450-bed long-term acute care facility located in northern Taiwan. Out of 5,894 registered patients, 545 patients fell at least once, and 27.2% of them were women. We next compared the difference between groups of falls versus non-fall and single fall versus repeat falls in demographic characteristics, psychiatric diagnosis and injury severity. Results: Patients who were male in sex (OR = 1.58, p < 0.05), those who were 60 years or older (Odds ratio, OR = 21.42, p < 0.001), and those with bipolar disorder (OR = 14.14, p < 0.001) were significantly more likely to have repeated (3 or more) falls. More serious injuries were significantly more common in female patients (OR = 3.59, p < 0.05), in patients with repeated (3 or more) falls (OR = 5.14, p < 0.01), and in patients who were admitted to chronic wards (OR = 5.30, p < 0.01). Conclusion: The risk factors for falls in psychiatric inpatients included older age and a diagnosis of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, dementia, or substance dependence. The risk factors for repeated falls included older age, male gender, and a diagnosis of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or dementia. Risk factors for major injuries included female gender, repeated falls, and living in a chronic ward.
    目的:本研究的目的主要是探討與精神科住院病人跌倒相關的危險因子。方法:某精神專科醫院2007年至2013年5,894個住院病人中,有545個病人至少經歷了一次以上的跌倒,其中包含397位男性,148位女性。資料整理後分析相關跌倒危險因子。結果:男性病人(OR= 1.58),超過60歲(OR = 21.42),以及雙極性疾患病人(OR = 14.14) 容易有3次以上跌倒。女性病人(OR = 3.59),跌倒3次以上(OR = 5.14),以及住在慢性病房病人(OR = 5.30) 容易發生嚴重傷害的跌倒。結論:建議精神醫療照顧者應注意精神科病人跌倒危險因子,針對高風險病人給予更多的協助。
    關聯: 臺灣精神醫學=Taiwanese Journal of Psychiatry 27(2),頁131-139
    顯示於類別:[數學學系暨研究所] 期刊論文

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