Conventional CPM signals employ information sequence with time-unlimited phase shaping pulse (PSP) to achieve power and bandwidth efficient transmission. On the contrary, information sequence using time-limited PSP was believed to produce power-wasting data-independent discrete spectral lines in CPM spectra, and was suggested to be avoided.
In this paper, we revisit this problem and adopt the time-limited PSP to replace the one with time-unlimited, it turns out to have an alternative solution to the CPM scheme. We first modify the spectral computing formula for the CPM with time-limited PSP (or CPM-TL) from conventional CPM formula and show that the discrete spectral lines appeared in the power density spectrum of CPM-TL signals can be diminished or become negligible by appropriately choosing PSP. We also show that this class of CPM can use any real number modulation index (h) and the resultant trellis structure of CPM guarantees the maximum constraint length allowed by the number of states in the MLSD receiver. Finally, the energy-bandwidth performance of CPM using time-limited PSP is investigated and compared with conventional CPM with time-unlimited PSP. From numerical results we show that, under the same number of states in the MLSD receiver and bandwidth occupancy, this subclass of CPM could outperform the conventional CPM up to 6 dB coding gain, for h < 1, in many cases.
IEICE Transactions on Communication E96-B(11), pp.2828-2839