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    Title: 生育時點、生育間隔與婦女勞動供給
    Other Titles: The Timing and Spacing of Births and Women's Labor Supply
    Authors: 林彥伶
    Contributors: 淡江大學經濟學系
    Keywords: 生育時點;生育間隔;勞動供給;期間模型;Birth Timing;Birth Spacing;Labor Supply;Duration Model
    Date: 2012-08
    Issue Date: 2013-10-16 22:00:30 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究探討生育時點、生育間隔與婦女勞動供給的關係。當前婦女婚育年齡較 過去延後,使得可用的生育期間較短,加上生育間隔較過去更加延長,導致生 育個數愈少,對生育率不利! 文獻上對於生育的研究多為生育行為與數量的分 析,但不同的時點與間隔的生育行為,對婦女勞動供給的影響並不相同,生育 對婦女勞動供給應存在異質性。因此本研究將採用主計處婦女婚育與就業調查 中1979 年至2010 年的橫斷面資料為實證分析樣本。實證分析包含兩個部分, 首先以第一胎的生育時點與後續胎次的生育間隔為自變數,分析對勞動市場勞 動參與意願、工時與工資的影響。其次以期間模型的設定,估計勞動供給對生 育時點與間隔的影響。本研究認為政府在刺激生育與保障婦女就業的政策上應 考慮生育時點與間隔對勞動供給的異質影響,才可能達到提升生育率同時保障 就業的目的。
    This study investigates the relationship between the births timing and spacing and women's labor supply. With women's age of first marriage increasing, women have less time to complete fertility. Once the longer birth spacing, the less will be the number of births. This would be more detrimental to fertility rate! This study considers the heterogeneity between births timing and spacing and the effects on women’s labor supply. We use a multi-year cross-sectional data from Women's Marriage, Fertility and Employment Survey in Taiwan to examine the relationships. Duration model is employed for births timing and spacing analysis. Endogeneity between fertility and labor supply is also considered for our empirical estimations. In order to stimulate the fertility rate and protect women's employments, we suggest the government should take into account the heterogeneity of the effects of births timing and spacing on labor supply.
    This study investigates the relationship between the births timing and spacing and women's labor supply. With women's age of first marriage increasing, women have less time to complete fertility. Once the longer birth spacing, the less will be the number of births. This would be more detrimental to fertility rate! This study considers the heterogeneity between births timing and spacing and the effects on women’s labor supply. We use a multi-year cross-sectional data from Women's Marriage, Fertility and Employment Survey in Taiwan to examine the relationships. Duration model is employed for births timing and spacing analysis. Endogeneity between fertility and labor supply is also considered for our empirical estimations. In order to stimulate the fertility rate and protect women's employments, we suggest the government should take into account the heterogeneity of the effects of births timing and spacing on labor supply.
    Appears in Collections:[經濟學系暨研究所] 研究報告

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