|摘要: ||This paper analyzes empirical case s, focusing on the coordination of action and the interplay of embodied and sequential features in the production and monitoring of stance-taking activities within story-telling sequences in Japanese interaction. Stance displays are important components of story-telling sequences both for speakers to express their stance toward the told event and for recipients to exhibit their understanding of it (C. Goodwin, 2000; C. Goodwin & M. H. Goodwin, 1987, 1992, 2004; M. H. Goodwin, 1980, 1997). In other words, stancedisplaying turns are critical loci of negotiation in order to establish alignment between speakers and recipients in a telling activity. Using the methodological frameworks of Conversation Analysis, this paper examines multimodal and interactive practices of stance negotiation occurring in story-telling sequences in Japanese conversation. Based on the video-recorded casual conversations among Japanese speakers, the paper investigates the cases in which astance-displaying turn produced by a story-teller or a story-recipient results in modification of unit trajectory. It analyzes the negotiation processes between speaker and recipient, which triggers the speaker’s unit alternation. A detailed examination of the stance display sequence s with consideration of the participants’ verbal and bodily conduct reveals that speakers deliberately create “interactive turn space” (Iwasaki 2009, 2011) or “ negotiation
space” (Nakamura 20 11 in Japanese ) immediately after producing an evaluative term in order to solicit and/or monitor their recipients’ reaction. The analysis first demonstrates how the speakers utilize various resources including syntactic structure, prosody, gaze, and head movements as well as hitches and perturbations in a coordinated manner, so that the turn can be heard as incomplete and yet the recipients’ intervention becomes relevant at that point. The analysis further shows , upon perceiving the recipients’ disaffiliative response during the negotiation space , how the speakers eventuate in denying or qualifying their claims without abandoning the preceding unit of the turn. Specifically, the paper reveals how the syntactic features of Japanese language such as the predicate-final and postpositional structures are mobilized for incremental unit transformation. While reconfirming the multimodal and interactive nature of stance-taking activity as discussed in past studies based on Western languages (e.g. C. Goodwin & M. H. Goodwin, 1987, 2004; Haddington, 2006; Heritage 2002; Peräkylä & Ruusuvuori, 2006; Pomerantz, 1984; Stivers, 2008), the results of this paper explores somepractices of speaker-recipient coordination of actions within stance negotiation in Japanese conversation. Through the examination of the negotiation process of stance-taking activity, the paper demonstrates that stances are collaboratively achieved, publicly displayed, and interactively organized by the participants in Japanese conversations.