|摘要: ||The English Romantic poet William Blake (1757-1827) appears to denounce in his works the Angel, Heaven, Reason, Good, and soul while praising Satan, Hell, Energy, Evil, and body. As he asserts In The Marriage of Heaven and Hell, “Without Contraries is no progression. Attraction and Repulsion, Reason and Energy, Love and Hate, are necessary to Human existence.” He goes on to say, “From these contraries spring what the religious call Good & Evil. Good is the passive that obeys Reason[.] Evil is the active springing from Energy. Good is Heaven. Evil is Hell.” In these contraries there appear a series of terms that affirm the existing systems and the other set that reveals the vibrant unformed and untamed realities. In Blake, Deleuzian Aesthetics and the Digital, Claire Colebrook calls the former “the Scylla of rigid systems” and the latter “the Charybdis of mute chaos” (preface, xviii).
This paper studies Blake’s works from the concept of chaosmos as Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari elaborate on in their What Is Philosophy?, with an emphasis on the creative power of chaos in reshaping and revitalizing the existing state of art. The value of using Blake’s works as the subject of study can be found in the light it may shed on the rise of aesthetics in English Romanticism.