China's experience with high economic growth has undergone dramatic change following the reforms initiated in 1978, which not only introduced economic incentives, but also encouraged urbanization. Due to the rapid urbanization that has taken place, it is particularly worth investigating the size distribution of Chinese cities. This study is thus an attempt to examine the size distribution of China's cities over the 1984-2008 period. The results indicate that the size distribution of Chinese cities is more equal than would be predicted by Zipf's law. We also find that the size distribution of cities is more even for larger cities than for smaller ones. According to our results, a possible explanation for the more even distribution of large cities relative to the smaller ones is related to China's government expenditures and industrial structure. Finally, we find that economic growth promotes population concentration, and that lower transportation costs will promote population concentration.
人文及社會科學集刊=Journal of Social Sciences and Philosophy 25(3)，頁525-550