Among large literature of democratic theories, theorists of loser’s consent argue that election losers tend to evaluate the election as an unfair game and hold negative attitudes toward future politics. Therefore, political attitudes and actions of losers would be key factors deciding stability of democracy. Focusing on the case of Taiwan, this study attempts to explore two questions: (1) whether losers treat the election as a unfair game is the common case for either KMT or DPP supporters? (2) what are losers’ attitudes toward democracy? Different from the previous literature, this study examines several surveys which collected in 2000-2012 presidential elections. In addition to losers and winners, absent voters are included in the analysis.
Findings of this work indicate that “different position, different mindset” thesis could not be completely applied to the case of Taiwan. First, as the literature expect, losers always view the election as a unfair game. On the contrary, in eyes of winners, election is fair. Second, loser/winner distinction does not show significant effect on support for democracy. Instead, party support is proved to be an influential factor. The DPP supporters are inclined to support democracy in each survey. The author asserts that the above result might be owing to Taiwan’s political tradition. Third, losers do not exert effect on satisfaction with democracy. However, winner factor is statistically significant in most surveys.