The microscopic effects of V doping in LiTi2O4 have been poorly understood. The present study employs x-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) and resonant inelastic soft-x-ray scattering (RIXS) spectroscopy to understand the change in the electronic structure due to dilute V doping in spinel LiTi2O4 and the possible origin for the rapid suppression of superconductivity in these compounds. Results from the XANES spectra at Ti L and K edges and Ti L-RIXS show that Ti exists in a mixed-valence state and, with V doping, the unoccupied states of Ti in the t2g band increase. The rapid suppression of superconductivity is associated with the change in Ti 3d electrons and Ti–O hybridization.
Superconductor Science and Technology 24(11), 115007(7pages)