|摘要: ||智慧卡又稱IC卡、晶片卡，是1968年德國科學家 Jurgen Dethloff 和 Helmut Grotrupp 將積體電路加入了身分識別卡所發明，並在同年期間獲得了專利。|
1975年，法國公司CII-Honeywell Bull 生產出第一張類似信用卡的ID卡。同年的3月17號，法國科學家Roland Moreno 獲得了IC卡在法國的專利。
1976 年法國布爾電腦公司首先製成IC卡產品，並開始應用在各個領域，像是電子錢包、IC 金融卡、信用卡、悠遊卡、健保IC卡、自然人憑證等等各領域上的運用。
Smart card, also called IC card or chip card, was first invented by the German scientists Jurgen Dethloff and Helmut Grotrupp, who added the identity card with integrated circuits and obtained a patent in the same year.
In 1975, the French company CII-Honeywell Bull produced the first credit card that was like ID card. In the same year, French scientists Roland Moreno obtained the patent of IC card in French.
In 1976, the French computer company Bull produced the products of IC card first and began to apply in various areas, just like E-purse, IC debit card, credit card, easy card, national health insurance IC card, natural person''s evidence and so on.
Since the data of smart card will transmit over the Internet, there are some problems to cope with. For example, the transmission of data channels is unsafe; it is easy to be monitored or intercepted the user’s data by the attacker or to perform some of the Internet attacks, like replay attack, masquerade attack, man-in-the-middle attack, and so on. Furthermore, the data stored in smart card can be retrieved by the attacker to launch other attacks, resulting unsafe transactions. Although many scholars proposed their method to improve the security of authentication schemes, there are some weaknesses found by other scholars. Hence, improvements of security of authentication schemes become an endless cycle.
In this thesis, we propose an authentication scheme to improve other methods proposed by other scholars. We assume that the data stored in smart card can be obtained by the attacker, and our scheme can resist various attacks.