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    Title: 軟硬體 : 多態表層在空間中變動之研究
    Other Titles: Soft-hardware transformation studies for the polymorphic surface in space
    Authors: 鄧振甫;Deng, Chen-Fu
    Contributors: 淡江大學建築學系碩士班
    賴怡成;Lai, Ih-Cheng
    Keywords: 多態;互動;支應性;人體工學;關節運動;摺紙;瓦楞紙;Polymorphic;Interactive;Affordance;Human engineering;kinetic;Folding;Cardboard
    Date: 2012
    Issue Date: 2013-04-13 11:50:12 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 軟硬體(Hard-software)在此是代表著一種空間的類型。在一般的環境裡,我們都把建築與傢俱分開,建築正代表著硬體,而軟體則代表著傢俱。建築提供空間;傢俱提供機能,我們往往都被傢俱的機能侷限住了,而忘了使用者對於空間的創造性與使用的多樣性。因此,本研究目的是希望使用者可以與空間真正產生互動,藉由此研究而創造出可以融合傢俱機能的硬體─軟硬體。藉由軟硬體的變動,可以產生在空間上更多樣性使用的可能性。多態(Polymorphic)的概念正好可以完成軟硬體要創造的多元空間表層。在此研究中,多態不僅僅是在空間中產生,也同時存在使用者與軟硬體之間的互動。

    多態的研究內容主要包括三部份:(1)支應性、(2)人體工學、(3)關節運動。透過支應性作為前導,導入使用者與物件之間的主被動關係,進而討論到使用者與空間的關係。接者利用人體工學的資料與支應性做結合,這部分是屬於使用者多態的部分。關節運動則是整個軟硬體的重點,如何透過關節的組成,產生多態的空間。從先期研究1比1單元之線狀關節運動組成的可動裝置,轉成了摺疊面性關節運動的多態皮層,得到V Fold可以作為最後原型設計的折疊類型。最後藉由行為的分析加上V Fold設計出原型,並在台北車站作出了大型事件、中型事件以及小型事件作為模擬。

    為了讓此多態表層能更迅速的操作使用及空間變動,同時考慮設施自重的問題,最後選擇了瓦楞紙作為做出1比1原型的建材。在1比1的施作過程中也討論到了瓦楞紙的各種工法以及作為建材的優劣。原型的施作成果基本上是成功的,雖然瓦楞紙在為來仍然有必須面對的問題,但是原型的機動性、便利性以及瓦楞紙回收再生的優勢,在未來往救災、短期展覽等等的方向發展具有很大的潛力。
    The word “Soft-hardware” here refers to a type of space. In an ordinary environment, architecture is usually separated from furniture. Architecture is kind of hardware which provides space. Furniture is kind of software which provides function. However, the creativity and diversity in space is neglected by the limitations of furniture functions. The objective of this study is to provide good interactions between users and the space to create a hardware that could merge furniture function. By changing the soft-hardware, more diverse possibilities of space can be produced. The concept of Polymorphic completes the diverse space through different surface layers and their interactions.

    The study includes three parts: (1) affordance, (2) human engineering, (3) kinetic. Affordance leads the relationship between users and objects, and between users and spaces. By integrating human engineering data with affordance information, the polymorphic for diverse space is created. Then, we apply the kinetic mechanism and construction to realize the polymorphic space. From the findings of our previous study (a 1:1 unit kinetic installation with linear joints), we study surface joints by folding study. Finally, a prototype of polymorphic is created and simulated in three different scales in the atrium of Taipei main station.

    In order to have effective operation and spatial transformation, the weight of structure should be considered. The cardboard is our main material. During making the 1:1 prototype, the usages and characters within cardboards are discussed. Besides redefining the relationships between architecture and furniture, the study can lead us to use the convenience and recyclable advantage of cardboard to develop new space and form for disaster relief or temporary exhibition in the future.
    Appears in Collections:[建築學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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