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    Title: 實名制, 網路社會運動與網路人際關係之初探 : 以Facebook個人網頁討論士林王家「文林苑」都更案為例 =
    Other Titles: The research of real name system, internet social movement, and interpersonal relationship in Facebook personal page : taking Shihlin urban renewal for example
    Authors: 陳蔚承;Chen, Wei-Cheng
    Contributors: 淡江大學大眾傳播學系碩士班
    許傳陽;Hsu, Chuan-Yang
    Keywords: 人際關係;網路社會運動;實名制;網路社群;Interpersonal relationship;Internet social movement;real name system;Internet Community
    Date: 2013
    Issue Date: 2013-04-13 11:47:10 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 網路科技日新月異,已經成為一種虛擬公共討論的空間,而這個空間則成為網路社會運動生成的基礎,以往在網路上多為匿名或是使用假名的情形下,產生了許多預期之外的問題;而「實名制」的出現,也代表了網路環境的轉變。然而,探究以往文獻,多以匿名性或假名的角度探討網路上的種種行為,從實名制出發的研究卻付之闕如。
    而相較於以往社會運動的實體動員,由於科技的發展,讓動員的過程和社會運動的開展可以在網路上進行,透過網路的虛擬連結、高度近用及互動性等等特性,讓資訊和社運組織的宣傳發送到更多人手中;另一方面,網路克服了地理區隔的實體障礙,所以可以讓更多人共同參與社會抗爭,包括給予參與實體抗爭成員支持、發表意見討論相關議題和透過轉貼、轉引的方式讓社運組織的訊息網絡流通更加擴大,這也是網絡社會的特色之一。
    本研究從實名制的角度出發,探討實名制對於網路人際關係、網路社會運動、社會支持及意見表達的影響,並以匿名制或是假名制的文獻為參考,來凸顯匿名制和實名制不同之處。研究顯示,實名制能夠增加網路人際凝聚力和社會支持,進而形成個人言論的約束力,讓個人能夠為言論負責,而讓整個虛擬公共空間的討論可以更有效率,最後形成網路或是實體社會運動。
    The technology of the Internet is in progress and the Internet has become a virtual public sphere where people can discuss or debate to the public issues; moreover, the sphere also has become the fundamental of social movements. In the past, the researches of the Internet were focused on the anonymous or the fake names, and he anonymous and the fake names led to several unanticipated problem; on the other hand, when “true name system” occurs on the Internet, which means that the environment of the Internet has changed. However, reading the articles and relative researches, researcher discovers that the most of the past research was focus on the anonymous or the fake names, lacking true name effect and relative discovery.
    Compared with the embodied mobilization of traditional social movement, the appearance of social movement has changed. Because of the development of technology, the mobilization process and social movement can be launched on the Internet. On the one hand, the information and the campaigns of social movement organizations can be disseminated by the characters of Internet, including virtual connection, high access, and interactivity. On the other hand, Internet can overcome the geographical barrier, so it can let more people take part in social protest, including give supports to the people who real dedicate to movements, issue opinion to discuss certain subject, and post or cite organizations message to let the information can be accepted by more people. The phenomenon is also one of the characters of network society.
    This research comes from the degree of true name, probes the effect of true name toward the development of relationship, social support, Internet social movement and opinions communication on the Internet, as well as refers the researches of anonymous and the fake names to highlight the differences among true name, anonymous and the fake names.
    The consequence shows that true name system can promote interpersonal identity, social support, format the restriction of personal opinion and let people take responsibility to their opinion; furthermore, it can let the whole virtual public sphere become more efficient and finally encourage the virtual or physical social movements.
    Appears in Collections:[大眾傳播學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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