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    Title: 抒情的人道主義 : 汪曾祺小說研究
    Other Titles: A study of Wang, Zengqi's novels
    Authors: 張愷庭;Chang, Kai-Ting
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國文學系碩士在職專班
    呂正惠;Zhend-Yhui,Lu
    Keywords: 汪曾祺;小說;人道主義;Novels;Wang, Zengqi
    Date: 2012
    Issue Date: 2013-04-13 11:46:40 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 汪曾祺小說聚焦於「人」。以「人」為焦點出發,顯揚人與人之間相濡以沫的真情、人與鄉里緊密的關係,體現普世價值裡為人處事高貴優美的情操。本文點出汪曾祺小說環繞的核心價值,期望以「人」為中心,將各種研究面向串連在一起,析論汪曾祺小說特色及創作意識。

    汪曾祺思想深受西南聯大自由學風的影響,大學時期師從沈從文,啟蒙小說創作的文學觀。此外,家風養成汪曾祺溫暖善解的人格特質,祖父閱讀習慣的廣博、父親的心靈手巧,皆潛移默化涵養了汪曾祺的性情。作家的書寫風格,往往與作家的氣質秉性息息相關,原鄉成長的水鄉、幸福的童年,直接與間接的形成汪曾祺微風細雨式的短篇小說情調。中斷創作三十年,歷經動盪的政治整肅歲月,八○年代重新復出文壇的汪曾祺,作品迅速捉住世人目光。兒時對鄰里街坊的印象,成為汪曾祺筆下重要的創作素材。他對形色工匠的各式技藝做出細膩觀察,真誠禮讚那些充滿熱情、認真生活的老百姓。汪曾祺潛心於從平凡人身上發掘人性的美好面。經歷人性遭閹割的時代,汪曾祺急於修補平復人們受傷的心靈,他期盼藉由筆下良善的人物,來喚起人心對美、善的渴望,找回人們對生活的信念,與彼此之間的信賴感。小說中對於風俗與環境佈置的書寫,最終目的都在於烘托出「人」之美。

    汪曾祺小說文字的峻潔、精準,展現其詩意的審美意識。使其短篇小說在有限的篇幅裡,能承載更多的言外之意。從八○年代至九○年代末,十多年來的創作道路,汪曾祺的小說風格,從專注於人性美與人情美的書寫,朝向人性的複雜性與人生不可預測的變異性開拓,藝術風格從溫暖基調漸趨多元。對於人性善良的堅定信念,以及對於現實生活悲喜參半的體悟,透過小說創作,汪曾祺真誠映射呈現其眼中所見的世界。本論文對小說文本逐一爬梳,整理分析其小說獨特的藝術魅力,去驗證核實汪曾祺欲裨益於世道人心的美意。
    Wang, Zengqi''s Novels focused on the“people”. He exalted the interpersonal relationships and the relationship between the people and the neighborhood to realize the graceful spirit. The purpose of this study was to analyze the characteristics and ideas of Wang, Zengqi''s Novels.

    The free atmosphere influenced Wang, Zengqi a lot. He followed Shen, Tsongwen in the college and began his writing career. Besides, his family made him kind and considerate. His impression on the childhood and his hometown was the origin of his short stories. His writing career had broken off for 30 years because of the political factors. However, when he repacked up his pen at 1990s, he caught the readers’ eyes instantly. He described the workers skills delicately to admire the enthusiastic people who loved their life and did their best to make their lives wonderful. Wang, Zengqi tried to fix up the broken heart by his characters to remind the belief and goodness of life. His ultimate goal was to declare the beauty of humanity.

    Wang, Zengqi used the words precisely to present his poetic implication. From 1990s to 2000s, his writing style had changed to the humanity complication and non-prediction. This researcher arranged Wang, Zengqi’s novels and presented his unique fascination to verify his ambition.
    Appears in Collections:[中國文學學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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