Ancient Simin "scholar, farmer, artisan and merchant", scholar-officials of being, in order to end, The Emperor Han Wu period there was a great historian - Ssu Ma Chien''s historical article, came up with a core value, and rich, is one of the. Objectivity faithfully described business road to riches that this free rank of wealth and music than with, saying " su feng " equivalent to no intention of Crown King, on merchants '' success with social status of exposition given highly. Scope of this paper focuses on the historical records . Colonization biographies contained in Pre-Qin dynasty of domestic business biographies, the other from space by a direct data, indirect data, as well as secondary data, explore the Pre-Qin dynasty thought and theory. Ssu Ma Chien insight to the prophets, in the historical records –The goods breed the biography of Great History . Total colonization biographies to Lurker in the Bai Gui''s statement： My rule, even Yi Yin and Lu
Shang, Sun Tzu, Wu Tzu has interfered, Shang Yang''s law are also. Even the one intellectual deficiency and tact, courage not enough to decide, Jen not to be taken to, strong cannot persist, although my surgery, could not learn the truth. Point out "wisdom, benevolence, courage, strength " , these four businessmen must-have qualification. At the same time, author discussing commercialistic thought, in the vertical plane, depending on the age, cited large cargo colonization of Pre-Qin dynasty as cases , patriotic businessman Shien Gao, chord height respectively, Confucian disciple Zi Gong, good fortune and morality " detao-zhu-gong" Fan Li and political economical outstanding scholar L ü Buwei, discussion of meaning, and merchants , and personality, behavior, filling in the form out, why? Worth later generations to follow , why? Horizontal arrangement in Pre-Qin scholars on commercialistic thought, to Confucianism, Legalist, Military strategist, Mohist School and Taoist views, all separately stated . Research of author discussion commercialistic thought, the view that apart from " wisdom, benevolence, courage, strength " four qualifications, and have the long-term planning of Yi Yin and Lu Shang, inside to Confucian benevolence, as this, Spirit and military strategist of Shang Yang, legalist change and strain as a means of Mohist school of practice exercise, ultimate spirit uplifted, Taoist smart stand between heaven and earth . In addition, the author to the Pre-Qin dynasty commercialistic thought, theories compared with the western economic system, such as Adam Smith《The Wealth of Nations》, Alfred Marshall《The Economic Principle》, Maw’s law of hierarchy theory, and Sigmund Freud studying the unconscious mind, to construct a complete system are discussed, conclusions are summarized in Pre-Qin dynasty commercialistic thought of the significance and value.