|摘要: ||漫畫與電影，前者為靜態平面圖像媒介，而後者為動態影像且具聲音效果媒介，當「超人（Superman）」 出現在此兩媒介中時，在表現形式上卻是非常的不同。漫畫用了許多電影運鏡手法構圖，顯然兩者的關係是密不可分。1938年自「超人」出現於漫畫至今，人們卻視此虛構人物的存在為理所當然，故本研究將探討媒介如何經營出如名字那般「超」的超人，而這樣的「超」為何讓人接受，並成為流行和文化現象。另外，更將焦點放在漫畫與電影中超人「飛的速度」表現形式的改變，並進一步觀察兩媒介中是否因技術的發展而影響彼此，或者是延伸的關係。|
本研究以馬歇爾‧麥克魯漢（Marshall McLuhan）的「媒介即訊息」為主要的理論架構。麥克魯漢首先提出媒介形式是「人的擴充與延伸」，他認為這種媒介的擴充與延伸會反過來塑造並控制人類行動的規模與形式。而以「超人」漫畫與電影為例，當新技術出現後， 便會影響並且潛移默化的修
Both comics and films are media, the former is static plane pictorial images, the latter is dynamic images and which has sound effect. And there are differences between the expression of Superman’s action in comics and films. To comics, it uses many films shots to complete the composition; therefore, there is close affinity between comics and films. Since Superman appeared in comics, people nowadays take this fictitious role as normal. This thesis is studying how medium construct the man who has unbelievable skills just like speed in comics and films, and the thesis is going further to observe whether the technics development of these two media is the reason which comics and films influence each other or just the extension relationship.
In the theory construction, first using Marshall McLuhan’s theory: “Medium is the message”. McLuhan understood medium is “the extensions of man”. He thought media would control the action and the behavior rules of human. To take “Superman” comics and films as examples, when new technics come out, they will influence and change the sense of Superman’s flying speed without awareness. Furthermore, McLuhan said that “content of any medium is always another medium.” It meant that the characteristics of comics and movie would never break off relations with the form of former medium, and the form of former medium will be the content of these two media.
In this study, Media Ecology will be introduced as the main methodology. Although Media Ecology can be defined through various studies, the ultimate goal remains to be the understanding of an entire media environment structure and its significance, as well as its effects on people''s thoughts, feelings and behavior. Through the process of data collection of different timeline periods, the study of Media Ecology can be better observed and compared. Throughout the years, the interpretation of Superman’s speed has been developed and manifested through different technological evolutions in both Superman comics and movies. By observing this “Timeline” study thoroughly, readers will better understand the influence of technology on today’s society as well as its importance at each point in time.
"Media is the extensions of man", as quoted by McLuhan, has validated the above statement. Movies, which represent the evolution of image thinking, would be foreseen as the successor of the pictorial era. In addition, due to the evolution of technology, images displayed in movies are moving closer to reality. As Superman comics and movies creators became more and more knowledgeable in the application of technology, their upcoming finished products achieve breakthrough results and portray Superman’s speed much better than before. The idea is to gather the essence of the projection of speed, and thus create a superhero that would stimulate both the sense of sight and hearing of its audience. Moreover, in order to create a long lasting superhero, media tend to have Superman associated to many aspects of everyday news, as well as social, cultural and political issues. During this process of learning, comics and movies often have the tendency to influence one other; it is important to remember that as media progresses throughout the years, regardless of what new perspectives this would bring to society, the world should always be under constant thirst for knowledge and never stop being training.