In this study, Huang Pi Lie was a book-collecting expert of the Qianlong and Jiaqing period for the main object of study, whichever inscriptions as the main material, whichever poem as a secondary material. From the cited case to answer research questions, this study dealt mainly with the four questions: 1. What are the aesthetic object in Huang Pi Lie’s book collection of life? Including books, buildings, traffic, close friends, and natural features of beauty; 2. How was Huang Pi Lie’s attitude toward the aesthetic object? Including Adoring Song Dynasty, keeping watch for incomplete books, spreading wonderful books, gain and loss, sincerity, sparkling discourse, natural interesting, being in the same camp, loving mountain or sea, beauty for human being, individual characteristics; 3. What aesthetic activities did Huang Pi-Lie do in the book-collecting life? Including book-correcting, book-inscribing, book-transcribing, ceremony-holding, making his books bask in the sun, book-visit , inscription-writing, book-decorating, book-spreading, library-building, travel, grave-sweeping, mind-communicating, poem-making, etc; What is the value of Huang Pi Lie’s aesthetic activity? Including Song editions, incomplete editions, book and money, appreciation and creation, self worth, preservation of cultural, value of travel, value of close friends, reflection of society by review of Huang Pi Lie’s aesthetic course and propose possible research directions in the future.