貨櫃航商在營運成本上升與經營困難上，面對了供給過剩及區域貿易不平衡的現象，造成在收益無法有效上升的情況下，如何有效的分配船舶裝載艙位及降低非必要的營運成本，就成為航商在營運上須面對的挑戰。 本研究之目的在透過營運因素的整體考量，包含重櫃裝載量、重櫃運送路徑、貨櫃供給來源及空櫃調度等因素，在獲取航商營運最大利潤為目標的基礎下，建立一個重櫃艙位配置與空櫃調度模型。本研究已提出五個營運評估指標，來衡量本研究所推方法的績效，包括堆場貨櫃安全存量、客戶需求滿足比例、貨櫃閒置時間比例、艙位與貨櫃供給比例及艙位使用率。 Due to over-supply of capacity and imbalance trades between areas, carriers encounter increasing costs and operational difficulties. Since it is less likely to increase the revenue in the given market, how to efficiently utilize the available slots and decrease operating costs have become the challenges of carriers. The goal of this study is to establish a slot allocation and empty containers reposition model to maximize the carrier’s profit. Factors considered in the model include the lifting of full containers, the routing of full containers, sources of container supply, empty container reposition, etc. To evaluate the performance of the proposed approach. Five performance indicators regarding the operations of a containership are used, including container safety stock, Customer demand satisfaction, Container idle time, Proportion of space and container supply and Vessel Space utilization rate.