酒後駕駛為近年來嚴重的道路交通事故之一，該事故的發生已造成嚴重的社會問題，為改善酒後駕駛問題，政府及相關單位皆積極致力於執法及教育宣導。然而單一性的改善方式並無法真正解決酒駕問題，須藉由完整了解駕駛酒駕的因素，及不同種類駕駛人選擇酒後駕駛行為的模式，做為日後改善酒後駕駛問題的依據。 為了解酒後駕駛者的行為，本研究設計酒後駕駛決策流程，使用飲酒情境並採用一對一問卷方式，針對具酒駕經驗者及未曾酒駕者進行調查，後以多變量及路徑分析驗證曾酒駕者與不曾酒駕者於飲酒與駕駛決策流程之影響因素差異，並驗證飲酒與駕駛決策是否具有關聯，及其各項影響決策因素為何。最終找出影響個體酒後駕駛之因素。 研究結果證實酒後駕駛決策流程中，飲酒決策與酒後駕駛決策具有關連。不曾酒後駕駛者與曾經酒駕者於酒駕選擇及影響因素中具有明顯差異，且「酒後駕駛風險後果」對於曾經酒駕者影響力低。不曾酒駕者影響因素為家人與朋友看法、事故傷亡後果。曾酒駕者可分為控制與增加酒量兩類，喜歡飲酒活動，並具有飲酒及酒駕習慣，參與飲酒活動時，顯示多數於喝酒時便決定今日會酒後駕駛，其餘並因為駕駛自信而產生酒後駕駛行為。影響酒駕者的因素為駕駛本身的自制能力、對私人運具的占有性、事故傷亡後果。 Driving under the influence of alcohol is one of the serious road accidents in recent years. It causes seriously social problems. Fortunately, the government has been actively engaging in law enforcement and education advocacy to reduce the problems. However, single unity improvement does not solve DIU problems completely. We have to improve the situation basing on understanding the factors of DIU and comprehending the behaviors of the different types of people who drive after drink.
In order to understand the consequence of driving under the influence of alcohol, this study designs the process of making decision of driving after drinking. Questionnaire use drinking situations, one-on-one questionnaires, investigation of people who had drunk driving experience and don’t have. The study use multivariate and path analysis validation to the people who had drunk driving and who had not drunk driving experiences in drinking and driving decision-making process of influencing factors. Verifying that if drinking and driving decisions have any association and what the factors are for the decision. Eventually, identifying the factors of impact which influent people to drive after having drink.
The study found that DIU decisions are connected. Never drunk driving and had drunk driving is a significant difference. The choices and factors are very different from people who have never had drunk driving to the people who had DIU before. The drivers who don’t drive under the influence for the thought of family and friends and the consequence of incidence. On the other hand, we can divide the people who drive after drink into two types. The first type is people who can control and the second type is people who usually increase the measure of alcohol. Both love to drink and get used to drive under the influence of alcohol. Moreover, most of the times they choose to drive after drink and sometimes they feel confident about this behavior. Conclusion. The factors of affecting drunk driving by self-discipline, the possession of vehicles and the consequences of accidents.