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    题名: 低收入戶之脫貧行為 : 以政策, 經濟與失業角度分析
    其它题名: Investigate the low-income families out of poverty issues policy, economic and unemployment
    作者: 彭鵬;Pung, Pung
    贡献者: 淡江大學會計學系碩士班
    韓幸紋;Han, Hsing-Wen
    关键词: 貧窮年資;低收入戶;poverty-years;low-income-families
    日期: 2012
    上传时间: 2013-04-13 11:29:32 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 貧窮一直是許多國家普遍存在的問題,對台灣來說也是如此,本研究論說台灣低收入戶的形貌及特性,探討失業率與經濟成長率對貧窮及脫貧造成的影響,並放入吉尼係數比較參考,研究資料為台灣健保資料庫中的承保資料檔,因為承保資料檔明確地劃分各類目之被保險人,對於投保人員身分的流動有詳細記載,可檢視個人貧窮歷程的演變,經適當的處理後,再歸納出依據假說所需要的變數,利用統計軟體STATA進行迴歸分析,研究期間為1996年到2007年,樣本以1996年成為低收入戶的個人為固定樣本,並針對此樣本作長期追蹤,並以最小平方法(OLS)、障礙模型(Hurdle model)估計各變數對低收入戶的貧窮年資、脫貧機率、脫貧年資的影響。希望能在社會福利制度與貧窮門檻制定上提供有利的貢獻,找出影響貧窮趨勢的重要因素。
    Abstract:
      Poverty has been prevalent in many countries, is also true for Taiwan, this study, saying the morphology and characteristics of low-income households to explore the impact of the unemployment rate and the rate of economic growth on poverty and move out of poverty, place the Gini coefficient, the research data for underwriting data file in the National Health Insurance database in Taiwan, because the underwriting data file clearly divided the various objectives of insurers, documented the flow of the identity of the persons insured, you can view the personal poverty course the evolution of After proper handling, and then summarized the variables in accordance with the hypothesis, using the statistical software STATA regression analysis during the study period from 1996 to 2007, the sample of 1996 individuals stare to become low-income households for a fixed sample and for this sample of long-term follow-up, for this sample of long-term follow-up, and use the method of least squares (OLS),and hurdle model estimated the probability of move out of poverty, poverty years, out of poverty of years. Hope to provide a favorable contribution to the social welfare system and the formulation of the poverty threshold, to find out the important factors affecting the trends in poverty.
    显示于类别:[會計學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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