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    Title: Multidimensions of business marketing strategy of Taiwanese folklore belief
    Other Titles: 臺灣民間信仰企業化行銷的多種面向
    台灣民間信仰企業化行銷的多種面向
    Authors: 王國彥;Wang, Kuo-Yan
    Contributors: 淡江大學管理科學學系博士班
    張紘炬;Chang, Horng-Jinh
    Keywords: 宗教管理;民間信仰;行銷策略;社會文化;朝聖旅遊;Religious management;Folklore belief;Marketing strategy;Social culture;Pilgrimage tourism
    Date: 2013
    Issue Date: 2013-04-13 11:19:48 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本論文係以臺灣民間信仰中的企業化行銷方式為研究對象,輔以管理科學方法參與研討的實證研究。除了介紹研究動機、目的及其架構以外,接著整理出以道、儒、釋三家為基礎的臺灣民間信仰中的寺廟機構中主要的經濟收益來源,分別為消災解厄儀式、慶典盛會、以及一般祈福活動等。此外則對於「宗教行銷」應用於台灣民間信仰內的各種類型做一初步區分,四種類型分別為廣告宣傳、建立網路社群、傳統儀式再詮釋、以及置入式行銷等當代行銷途徑。
    本研究中首先結合兩大概念:高齡化社會以及宗教旅遊需求,對於進香團的旅遊形式,實際上多以高齡者為主參加的現象為研究重點。對於國內社區最常見的神祇-土地公廟間信徒的年度互訪,提出了「相互朝聖」的概念:有別於基督徒於耶路撒冷與伊斯蘭教徒至麥加其本質為「由外而內」的朝聖流動,相互朝聖行為則是一種採取對等型態,以互訪為主的宗教聯誼活動。
    另外,本文以列為聯合國教科文組織「非物質文化遺產」之媽祖文化信仰為主題,探討以媽祖文化為主的廟會活動。以「經營績效」為觀點為闡釋,實際走訪數間媽祖廟宇委員會,透過管理科學方法制訂行銷資源投入的策略,除了使之達成到訪者數目以及相應捐獻收入增加,並透過問卷訪談方式,將參加廟會者的動機予以有效分類,並引伸出相關的討論結果,以及提出後續研究方向。
    Based on the doctrines of Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism, Taiwanese folklore belief has existed for nearly four centuries, and has been simultaneously proven to be a spiritual sustenance for most of the population in Taiwan. Numerous services derived from folklore belief have recently become diverse marketing approaches; for example, discarding disaster or misfortune, carnival celebrations, and praying for blessings. Temples are attempting to broaden the believer base by using publicity and promotion, establishing an online community, redescribing ritual narratives, and engaging in placement marketing. Therefore, this research presents a discussion on the phenomenon of “religious marketing” from a management perspective. To investigate the temple believer base, this study analyzed the elderly pilgrimage tourists who participated in a community-initiated tour to experience a “mutual pilgrimage”. Furthermore, this study also conducted a survey at a mass religious gathering of a deity’s procession for classifying the four typologies of the tour participants according to their motivations. The conclusion involves future research directions, which are expected to be completed by developing continuity in religious management field research.
    Appears in Collections:[管理科學學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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