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    題名: 應用成本效益評估之產品拆解回收分界點規劃法以建構易拆解產品設計 : 以廢電冰箱為例
    其他題名: Cost-benefit assessments of product disassembling and recycling cut-off point planning to construct easy disassembling product design : using abondended refrigerator as an example
    作者: 王柏凱;Wang, Bo-Kai
    貢獻者: 淡江大學管理科學學系碩士班
    林長青;Lin, Chang-Ching
    關鍵詞: 拆解設計;啟發式求解法;最佳回收策略;產品拆解及回收分界點;總成本效益曲線;Disassembling Design;Heuristic Method;Best Recycling Strategy;TRIZ;Product Disassembling and Recycling Cut-Off Point;Total Cost-Effectiveness Curve
    日期: 2012
    上傳時間: 2013-04-13 11:17:51 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 國內科技業發展迅速,使消費性電子產品市場逐漸擴大,但也使電子廢棄物的快速產生,國內的掩埋場已無法負荷,因此電子產品丟棄前需拆除有毒物質、取出可再利用之零件,並回收有用原料,進而達到廢棄物減量的目標並符合國際法規 (如 WEEE, RoHS 等) 的要求。電子廢棄物回收前進行拆解的需求也促使「產品易拆解創新」的概念形成,但式設計者依經驗與易拆解設計的原則提出再設計產品的作法,卻無法得知何者對改善易拆解性最有幫助。因此本研究的目的在發展一個可提供「最佳拆解粉碎點」的方法,以做為易拆解創新概念的參考。
    本研究針對廢家電拆解處理廠,建構績效指標進行分析,以廢家電拆解處理廠為出發點,首先對廢冰箱產品各群組之零組件進行利潤評估,並藉由廢冰箱產品之特性分析,求出模擬估算的方法,並判別冰箱各子群組之回收方式,來決定此子群組拆解與否,從總成本效益曲線中,針對零件子群組做拆解順序的調整,求出廢電冰箱產品回收之最佳化程序。
    我們也以TRIZ的創新研發理論,希望藉由該理論具結構性的系統化分析過程,探討易拆解產品所存在之衝突與限制,包括拆解螺絲時效率的提升,卡榫熱安定性及強度的改善,主要在探討發展一套產品回收之啟發式求解法及提出易拆解創新概念,使其廢棄產品回收策略能兼顧經濟效益與環境保護。
    As the technical industry in the country develops rapidly, the consumer electronics market has expanded increasingly. However, this has also led to the fast production of electronic wastes, causing overloads in domestic landfills. Therefore, hazardous substances must be removed, renewable parts be extracted and usable materials be recycled before discarding electronic products to achieve the goal of waste reduction and conform to the requirement of international standards (e.g. WEEE, RoHS, etc.). The need to deconstruct electronic waste has also given rise to the concept of “easy-to-disassemble”, which states that improvement of easy deconstructing must set about important matters. Designers proposed product redesigning based on experience and principle of easy-to-disassemble but are unable to determine which is most beneficial to its improvement. Thus, the purpose of this study is to develop an approach of “optimal balance point between disassembling and smashing” as a reference for concept of easy-to-disassemble innovation.
    This study focuses on waste appliance disassembling and treatment plants and analyzes the construction performance index. The components of each group of waste refrigeration products are first assessed for their profits, and by analyzing their features, a calculation simulation approach is acquired. Also, through differentiation of recycling methods of each refrigerator sub-group, whether to disassemble the sub-group or not is determined. The disassembling sequence of component sub-groups is adjusted according to the total cost benefit curve to determine the optimal process for recycling waste refrigeration products.
    We also adopt TRIZ in anticipation to use its structural systematic analysis for discussion on the conflicts and limitations of easy-to-disassemble products, including the improvement in heat stability and intensity of tenons and increase in efficiency when disassembling screws. The focus of this study is primarily on discussing and developing a heuristic solution for product recycling and proposing a new concept of easy-to-disassemble innovation so that waste product recycling strategies can take both economic efficiency and environmental protection into consideration.
    顯示於類別:[管理科學學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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