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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/87380

    Title: 薪資的肥胖懲罰 : 實驗與實證
    Other Titles: The obesity penalty of wage : experiment and empirical
    Authors: 楊順維;Yang, Shun-Wei
    Contributors: 淡江大學經濟學系碩士班
    Keywords: 薪資;歧視;肥胖;薪資分解;Wages;discrimination;Obese;Oaxaca;wage-decomposition
    Date: 2012
    Issue Date: 2013-04-13 11:01:23 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本文以實驗與實證的方式探討勞動市場的薪資歧視。由於歧視在勞動市場是普遍存在的問題,其中又以外表歧視最為主觀,因此本文設計了課堂實驗,直接觀察樣本在面對外表較差的勞動者的反應,並對結果進行分析。此外,我們以華人家庭動態資料庫的台灣與大陸沿海三大地區(上海、浙江、福建)的資料進行實證分析,利用兩階段估計法,同時考慮肥胖與薪資的內生性問題以及修正樣本的勞動自我選擇誤差,並以Oaxaca(1973)的薪資分解法分解薪資中的歧視比例,與歧視中外表歧視所佔的比例。實證結果顯示不論是台灣或大陸沿海三大地區,勞動歧視的主要來源應是外表歧視,其中又以肥胖女性所受到的薪資懲罰最大。
    This study investigates the effects of obesity on wages in the labor market by means of experiments and an empirical analysis. Experiment design can help us to find out the reactions of employers facing various appearances of employees, while an empirical analysis is a post estimation for us to examine the wage discrimination in the labor market. Our results for both of experiments and empirical analysis show that obesity is a primary cause of wage discrimination, especially for obese females. In addition, Qaxaca(1973) wage decomposition method is used to decompose the proportion of wages, so that we can measure the ratios of obesity discrimination among the overall wage discrimination.
    Appears in Collections:[經濟學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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