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    Title: 影響未來高齡者生活品質的社會支持網絡
    Other Titles: Constructing alternative social support network for the coming aging cohort
    Authors: 劉又嘉;Liu, Yu-Chia
    Contributors: 淡江大學未來學研究所碩士班
    陳國華;Chen, Kuo-Hua
    Keywords: 社會支持;未來高齡者;生活品質情節分析;social support;future elderly;life quality;Scenarios
    Date: 2013
    Issue Date: 2013-04-13 10:48:45 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 隨著社會變遷導致社會越趨複雜且未知,如何讓未來的高齡者能夠在進入老年時期有良好的社會支持網絡,進而提升他們的生活品質,是本研究的主旨所在。首先本研究發現,子女在過去以及現在的社會中仍是高齡者的主要支持來源,而親戚以及鄰居的重要性漸漸在降低,但高齡者與朋友之間的關係也變得更為密切,成為子女以外重要的社會支持來源,但政府制定福利政策時並未跟上高齡化社會的腳步,僅抱持著船到橋頭自然直的施政態度。
    本研究進一步發現,觀念的破除以及未來高齡者自身的經驗,使得子女不再是未來高齡者主要的支持來源,取而代之的是配偶以及朋友,但從他們身上也可以發現,在面對不確定性高的未來,這群未來高齡者對正式的照護機構抱持著正面的看法與態度,認為是一個很好且可期待的未來。首先透過訪談發現社會支持力的轉變和未來高齡者的經歷與未來想像,並以未來三角法探究什麼是影響他們社會支持網絡轉變的重要因素,最後使用情節分析法勾勒出「依賴伴侶」、「機構福利國」、「消逝的臉龐」與「心靈社區」四個未來圖像,透過整合性的研究方法試圖探索多元且複雜的未來社會,作為後續相關研究以及未來高齡者之參考。
    Taiwan is one of the most rapidly aging countries in the world. As a result, the emerging issue of building an alternative social support network has become relatively vital. The main objective of this research is to explore possible scenarios for the support network in order to enhance life quality of the coming aging population. According to the literature, children are still the main source of support for the elderly, while the dependent relationships with neighbors and relatives are declining. Nonetheless, the relationships between the elderly and friends are becoming closer than ever and gradually grown to be another important source of social support besides their children. Unfortunately, the role and function of government did not keep up with the pace of the aging trend.
    The researcher conducts semi-structured interviews with nine respondents, with ages ranging from 49-58, the so-called future elderly. In addition, the respondents’ gender, occupation and areas of resident are selected with purposive sampling method. The major finding of this research is that children are no longer the main source of support and have been replaced by their spouse as well as close friends. Also, it is found that the future elderly hold positive attitudes to retirement home or institutional care. Based on the findings, this research further adopts futures triangle method to refine the plausible social support network. Lastly, using scenario analysis, four possible scenarios are depicted as “dependent couple,” “social-welfare state,” “disappearing face,” and “spiritual community.”
    Appears in Collections:[未來學研究所] 學位論文

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